1. Actors
  2. Photo: Sofia LorenSophia Loren, Shikolone real name, was born September 20, 1934, in Clinic of Queen Margaret. Mother Sophia — Romilda Wilanow, comes from the fishing village of Pozzuoli, arrived in Rome, where he was to meet with Ricardo Shikolone. When Romilda pregnant,…
  3. Photo: Audrey HepburnAudrey Hepburn, British actress, born in Brussels, where she was born May 4, 1929 in a family of Dutch Baroness Ella van Heemstra and the English banker John Victor Hepburn-Ruston, received the name of Edda Kathleen van Heemstra Hepburn. She had…
  1. Actors
  2. Photo: Sofia LorenSophia Loren, Shikolone real name, was born September 20, 1934, in Clinic of Queen Margaret. Mother Sophia — Romilda Wilanow, comes from the fishing village of Pozzuoli, arrived in Rome, where he was to meet with Ricardo Shikolone. When Romilda pregnant,…
  3. Photo: Audrey HepburnAudrey Hepburn, British actress, born in Brussels, where she was born May 4, 1929 in a family of Dutch Baroness Ella van Heemstra and the English banker John Victor Hepburn-Ruston, received the name of Edda Kathleen van Heemstra Hepburn. She had…
  4. Photo: Katharine HepburnIn the city of Hartford, in the summer May 12, 1907 into a wealthy family, was born Katherine Hepber. His father, Thomas Norvel Hepburn, was a wonderful doctor and his mother, Katharine Houghton in March, the daughter of a wealthy owner…
  5. Photo: Louis de FunesHis full name - Carlos Luis de Funes de Galarza, the famous French actor, born 31 July 1914 in the aristocratic family of Leonora and jeweler Carlos, who came from a Spanish nobleman. Since childhood, Louis had the mobility and a…
  6. Photo: Brigitte BardotBrigitte Bardot was born on September 28, 1934 into a wealthy family of a retired military man. The whole family lived Borda, near Paris, in a suburb of Neuilly. Bridget's parents, like real Parisian bourgeoisie, gave his daughter a good education,…
  7. Photo: Liza MinnelliLiza Minnelli was born on March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, her parents, Vincent Minnelli and Judy Garland worked directors of musicals and musical comedies, so Liza's musical talent developed from childhood. Liza's childhood was quite happy: her parents spoiled and…
  8. Photo: Ingrid BergmanSwedish actress. Filmed in the movies: "Intermezzo," "Casablanca," "For whom the bell tolls", "Gas Light" (Oscar), "Stromboli", "Anastasia" (Oscar ), "Murder in the Orient Express" (Oscar), etc. Among the theatrical roles: Joan of Arc, Gedda Gabler, Anna Christie and othersIngrid Bergman…
  9. Photo: Burt LancasterAmerican actor. Appeared in films: "From now and for ever", "tattooed rose," "Sweet smell of success", "Elmer Gentri, the Nuremberg process," "Amateur birds from Alkatrasa", "Leopard," " ; Train "," Professionals "," Family Portrait in the interior, " Twentieth Century ","…
  10. Photo: ANTHONY HOPKINSEnglish actor. Acted in films: "The Lion in Winter," "Hamlet," "Elephant Man", "Charing Cross Road, 84", "Silence of the Lambs," "Kingdom of Shadows," "Nixon", " , Amistad, " Remains of the Day, " Hannibal ", etc. Philip Anthony Hopkins was born…
  11. Photo: Marlon BrandoAmerican actor. Acted in films: A Streetcar Named Desire, " Viva Zapata! "," Savage, " In Port "(Oscar)," Pursuit, " Candy, " Queimado, " The Godfather "(Oscar)," Last Tango in Paris "," Superman, " Apocalypse Now "," Don Juan de Marco…
  12. Photo: Marcello MastroianniItalian actor. Appeared in the movies: "White Nights", "Sweet Life", "8 1 / 2", "Divorce in Italian", "City of Women," "Ginger and Fred," "Interview" "black eyes", etc. He was awarded the Prize for Creativity, Felix (1988).Marcello Mastroianni was born September 28,…
  13. Photo: Paul NewmanAmerican actor, director, producer. Appeared in films: fruity bird of youth "," Buch Cassidy and Sandens KID "," trickster "," scam "," white "," Verdict, " The smell of money (premium " ; Oscar), "Mr. and Mrs. Bridge" and other director′s…
  14. Photo: Al PacinoThe famous Al Pacino, and the full name of Alfred James Pacino was born on April 25, 1940 in the South Bronx area of ??New York, which is still considered home to the poor. Al Pacino grew up without a father,…
  15. Photo: Dustin HoffmanAmerican actor. Appeared in films: "Graduate," "Midnight Cowboy," "Little big man", "straw dogs", "Lenny", "marathon runner", "Kramer v. Kramer" (Oscar ), "Tutsi", "Rain Man" (Oscar), "American Buffalo," "Sphere," "red herring", etc.Dustin Hoffman was born August 8, 1937 in Los Angeles. His…
  16. Photo: Gary CooperGary Cooper, real name Frank James Cooper, was born on May 7, 1901 in a farmer's family in Montana. All childhood Gary Cooper was at the ranch, where he helped his father with the horses. Subsequently, the ability to get along…
  17. Photo: Charles ChaplinEnglish actor and film director. Starting with the 1910-ies created in the image of the dumb comedies vagabondage Charlie combining set to take: mustaches, bowler hat, walking stick. Appeared in films: "Gold Rush", "Circus," "The Great Dictator", "footlights", "Lights Big City",…

ASTA NIELSEN

Photo - Asta Nielsen
«Asta Nielsen»

Danish actress. World renown gained in silent movie. Filmed in the movies: "Hamlet", "joyless lane," "Idiot," "Freken Julia," "Dance of Death", etc.

Asta Nielsen was born on September 11, 1883 in Copenhagen, in a poor family. The father is often ill and had no permanent job. His mother hired rich coming home laundress. The family frequently moved. The first conscious years of life Asty held in the Swedish town of Malmo. The strongest childhood experiences associated with the plays of Ibsen, more precisely, with images ibsenovskih women - Agnes ( "Brand"), Fru Inger of Estrota, Geddoy Gabler. In thirteen years, Asta decided to become an actress, and a year later came to the test to his future mentor, Peter Yerndorfu.

Asta Nielsen, dream of challenging dramatic roles over the years of apprenticeship with Peter Yerndorfa, and then to Copenhagen, Royal School of Theater to fill the gaps in their upbringing. She entered the world of Scandinavian mythology, introduced to the classical art and literature Nielsen has acquired good taste, actors culture. Since 1901 it has not successfully performed in various theaters in Copenhagen, went on tour in Sweden, Norway, Finland.

For theater Asta Nielsen is treated with piety. Great actress, over twenty years tsarivshaya to the cinema, to consider themselves expelled from the temple of the arts.

By a strange misunderstanding Nielsen felt mostly comedy actress. She easily mastered the most diverse line of comic old subretok, travesty. The press wrote about the original interpretations and unusual temperament actress. In her own words, she often receives praise for that sport as unbroken colt, or violates their game all the boundaries of the role. " In the theater, where she worked, put the play Ibsen and Sven Lange, "lady with the camellias" Dumas. But Asta Nielsen is gradually lost all hope to go on stage in the role of Nora and Margaret Gauthier.

In 1910 a young journalist Urban Gad suggested that the studios′ Nordisk put film on the script written by him, with Astoy Nielsen in the title role. "I immediately caught fire at last I have to be a significant a tragic role," - exclaims the actress.

The heroine of "Abyss" - music teacher Magda meets tsirkacha Rudolph, falls in love with him and breaks away from his bride, an engineer Knud. Along with Rudolph, she was in variety, which performs erotic dances. Soon, Rudolph ohladevaet it. Magda is in despair kills the wrong lover.

Photo - Asta Nielsen
«Asta Nielsen»

It leads to prison by two policemen. And it is - hard, Broken-hearted woman. This moving frame of a woman shaking today. At the same time release a movie on the screens it was opening an explosion.

In his memoirs, Asta Nielsen does not exaggerating when he says that "Бездна, shedshaya with success in the world, was seen as a turning point in the history of cinema. Prior to the actors, speaking on the screen, treated as puppets. The emergence of Asty Nielsen screen prompted the most severe critics acknowledge the art of cinema. Her debut as the formation of its glory, is inseparable from the name of the director Urban Gad. Became in 1913 the husband Asty Nielsen, he shot almost all the films with the actress in the pre-pore and in the First World War. Urban, one of the first opened the plastic expressiveness frame.

After the phenomenal success of "Abyss", the representative of one of the largest German kinofirm offers her a huge fee and exceptional working conditions in Germany. Asta Nielsen moved to Berlin, becoming rodonachalnitsey German film schools, so famous during the heyday of "the great silent." Films involving Asty Nielsen enjoyed incredible success. Curiously, the later German comic magazine depicted in the form of Adam and Eve Astu Nielsen and Charlie Chaplin ...

Compared with Sarah Bernhardt and Eleonora Duse. All who wrote about Aste Nielsen, underline its images of a sexual nature, exotic scenes. Created by the type of "vamp", the fatal woman became the first "classic" type of screen. Yet the most important thing in her talent - the motive suffering scold love. Reared dramas Scandinavian authors, Nielsen almost reached the level of genuine psychological drama. She loved the great Russian literature, the image of Nastasia Filippovna it was more expensive than many others. Catherina of "Thunderstorms" she later translated to the screen.

Not too young, not claiming the bright beautiful Danish actress in one evening, subdued the whole world. She had an unusually expressive face, marked by originality. And at the same time, many women find that, similar to Astu Nielsen. It was mysterious and ordinary, and in the toilets, which were all - and everyone can feel equally fascinating, equally mysterious, equally unique.

Asta Nielsen had a movie theater high culture. It is perhaps the first film actors realized that the screen importantly maximum savings gestures, facial expressions. Who saw the eyes Asty Nielsen, read them a lot more that could provide the most sophisticated play on stage.

Photo - Asta Nielsen
«Asta Nielsen»

In essence, this meant a revolution in acting technique.

In the memoirs of actress spoke about his working method: "I saw that the home cinema - eye, face and movement are required to express the soul, make it visible. Coming into the look-room, I looked at themselves through the eyes of a strict critic - model for me it was not. Here I learned how the word can replace or mimic the expression of movement, and that these movements may be limited to one allusively perceived camera and invisible to the eyes of the operator (here, incidentally, the reason that the director often makes the actors overact game). "

Among the admirers of talent Asty Nielsen were prominent critics, poets, playwrights beginning of the century. About her enthusiastically wrote Georg Brandes, Herman Bang, German director Leopold Yesner. "She has grace the Japanese out of the vicious sheets Utamaro and inspiration Yvette Gilber - exclaimed in 1911, Guillaume Apollinaire. - It is - everything! She - and the vision of drunkards dream alone. She laughs like a young girl, so carefree and happy, and in her eyes sees something that will never find expression in words, sletevshih with her lips. When she saw the glittering hatred, we compress fists when she break them, it seems to us that this star shine. "

Later she says that her love has always been the role of comedy. In the movie "angel" (1914) Asta played girl-sorvantsa, whose father bought the dolls, not noticing that the daughter of time to contrive flirt with almost every counter man.

After the end of World War I, organized in Berlin Nielsen own cinematic society Artfilm. This enabled it to appeal to the literary and theatrical classics.

In the twenties Asta Nielsen finally implemented its long-standing dream: she played on screen, many of those roles, for which once went on stage. Among the best of her works this time, Nastasia Filippovna in "The Idiot" by Dostoyevsky′s novel (1921), Julie Freken on the famous play by Strindberg "Freken Julie" (1921), Vanin in screening stendalevskoy "Vanino Vanino" (1922), Lulu in screening dramatic poem Frank Vedekind "Spirit of the Land" (1923), Gedda Gabler in "Gedde Gabler" Ibsen (1925).

The peak of this cycle of classical roles the actress is working on a way of Hamlet in the film, produced by the director Sven Gadem and Geyntsem Shallah in 1921.

Nielsen used the version of the American shekspiroveda Edward Вейнингера, believes that Hamlet - to change a woman.

Photo - Asta Nielsen
«Asta Nielsen»

Scenes from the silent film then repeatedly cited as an example of the special expressive mimic dialogue.

Do Asty Nielsen Hamlet - smart and gentle princess, born in the misty times of war. She loves to Horatio, his messmate to university. The actress played the woman taking a man′s mission and broken an intolerable burden. Secret passion for Horatio exacerbated serious throwing princess, her tragic fate. Treatment of the role, therefore, was purely romantic.

Permanent Nielsen was a partner in those years, Paul Wegener - the great German actor and director. In 1922 they performed the leading roles in the film Arthur von Gerlaha "Vanin. The plot, borrowed from Stendhal novel, a script writer Mayer, in the spirit of mystical romantic ballads era. Critics noted the outstanding artists of the game, thrilling scenes of passion and despair, "the rebel image, which created the Asta Nielsen. "With actors such as Asta Nielsen and Paul Wegener, Arthur von Gerlach has transformed the study of sadism in the film, which glorified the high human emotions, fragile in the grip of tyranny" - Krakauer later wrote in his book "From Caligari to Hitler."

In 1924, the actress took part in the movie "Gedda Gabler" (director Ekshteyn). This screening, had a great success, threw a belated reflection on all previous work Asty Nielsen. Now, returning to its pre-war tapes, wrote that despite the sketchiness and outright banality melodramatic plots, "Ibsen, ibsenovskie women have been on all her roles."

All made by an actress in those years, crowned by a Mitstsi (Mary) Lehner of the largest Austrian film directed by Georg Wilhelm Pabsta "joyless lane" (1925), which was filmed as a former actor of the Moscow Art Theater Hmara Gregory, who became the new husband Asty Nielsen.

The film was a wonderful display of courageous life in postwar Austria. Asta Nielsen has made a truly tragic heights Mitstsi, to deceive her lover, broken aristocrats, killed his new mistress, and then got sold to the first nouveau riche. The crime remained unresolved until prestupnitsa torn remorse, does not convey to you.

"Nielsen is not told about the social drama and the tragedies of the soul, the pool of passion. All her films were versions of the same fate. On crime, suicide, in a word, into the abyss always pushed her heroines love, woman, light up the hearts of his spiritual eroticism itself becomes a victim. It is this persistence of the main motif and its organic connection with the deep essence of nature and talent Asty Nielsen brought her a favorite of the public ", - writes cinema AL Sokolsky.

Sama Nielsen felt that the audience attracted vitality, "bitter truth" of its images.

Photo - Asta Nielsen
«Asta Nielsen»

The actress says that it is a movie with the intent to disprove the lies idyllic screen Mirka, "realistically provide ... neudachnits, sick, miserable, rejected, "- people who were close to her since childhood.

Asta Nielsen opened up much of what was then developed a closer, more detail. That she began to tell a story, which much later used to link with the name of the French actress Simone Seniora: aging woman trying to make every effort to preserve love.

"The tragedy of a prostitute" (1927) marked the return to the cinema Asty Nielsen after a two-year absence. According to "Le Cinema alman realist" in this sentimental tale of an aging prostitute "set the right accent:" it is driven over the social, obscure melodrama. Sorrows Asty Nielsen forgotten for the perception of a climate of confusion and excitement that had prevailed in Germany before the Nazis came to power. "

In the late twenties Nielsen returned to the theater. The passion for the stage win again: the actress has created his own troupe and toured with it for the cities of Germany.

Boom, which caused the presentation of Danish star in "DamГ© with camellias" Dumas, "Thunderstorm" Ostrovsky and several other plays, is linked not only with her film fame. Her talent, honed skills, a great theatrical culture unanimously pointed out the most serious criticism.

In 1932, the cinema-goer first heard her voice on the screen: it has played a central role in an audio movie "Invalid Love" (directed by E. Vashnek). The advent of sound to expand its arsenal of expressive tools.

"For most of the stars of silent cinema coming of sound meant the end of their artistic careers - notes film critic B. Kisunko. - I only heard the word some more tightly connected with the audience. Voice Asty Nielsen does not destroy the image, approve and prevailed on the screen in two decades. The high culture theater actress, is inextricably linked with the perfect plastic film, and the new, very unusual circumstances have given interesting results. Asta Nielsen has maintained its main advantage here - sincerity. Smart actress, intelligent woman, she does not cling to the role of the young heroines, and enter the sixth decade, opened for them and for viewers, new destinies, new drama. "

And yet, the sound film star Asta Nielsen has not. The film "Impossible Love" has completed her journey. In 1933, the actress was invited to a soiree for Berlin artists. On the refusal could not be considered.

Aste Nielsen had been rendered exceptional attention: the Fuhrer was sitting with her at a separate table. Goebbels offered to create for it a special studio. However, Asta Nielsen stated that he does not delight in the fact that makes the Nazis in Germany. The next day she went to Denmark.

Filmmaking at its home drag a miserable existence. All attempts to Astu Nielsen in the film were unsuccessful, as most attempts to revive the actress on the theatrical stage.

In the theater, she made the last time before the war. Farewell Party "Danish Duse," as called Astu Nielsen, was held at the National Theater in Copenhagen in 1939.

Most of all bring joy to her daughter. "It was music to my life, but the truth, somewhat different than usual. The only really big event and for the heart has become my child, my only daughter ... "

At the Venice Festival of 1958 saw the publication of many bands with the Asty Nielsen. And two words "great actress" - sounded as the recognition of talent, unique individuality and admirable man, forever devoted to art.

In spring 1961, a resident of Copenhagen Asta Nielsen wrote: "I have long refrained from all public appearances, that does not mean a quiet existence. My thirst for art is connected to the long-standing love of painting. I has invented a new form of painting and the work is not a brush and paints, to make the color of cloth, from which I create people and animals, landscapes and flowers. Two Danish art dealers arranged my creative Exhibition: me again fate smiled and bestowed a new success. So life after the many wonderful events and some storms become harmonious, who is given to hear the music of silence, he hears the symphony of unprecedented beauty. "

In 1968, the actress has a movie "Asta Nielsen", which described her creative work.

Asta Nielsen killed 25 May 1972. She entered the history of culture of the XX century as the legendary film star, the first vamp, rodonachalnitsa fatal series of images of women. But at the same time - as the first tragedienne cinema.

 
  1. People and biographies — Actors
  2. Photo: Sofia LorenSophia Loren, Shikolone real name, was born September 20, 1934, in Clinic of Queen Margaret. Mother Sophia — Romilda Wilanow, comes from the fishing village of Pozzuoli, arrived in Rome, where he was to meet with Ricardo Shikolone. When Romilda pregnant,…
  3. Photo: Audrey HepburnAudrey Hepburn, British actress, born in Brussels, where she was born May 4, 1929 in a family of Dutch Baroness Ella van Heemstra and the English banker John Victor Hepburn-Ruston, received the name of Edda Kathleen van Heemstra Hepburn. She had…
  Rating — 9930, Statistics of views today — 1