In the city of Hartford, in the summer May 12, 1907 into a wealthy family, was born Katherine Hepber. His father, Thomas Norvel Hepburn, was a wonderful doctor and his mother, Katharine Houghton in March, the daughter of a wealthy owner of a local glass factory.
Rich and successful parents gave their children an excellent education. Kate graduated from Bryn Mawr College, has studied several foreign languages and practiced golf, tennis and figure skating.
Even as a child Katherine has been involved in amateur theatricals for the holidays. In nineteen Kate decided to become an actress, his father was initially against it, but soon softened his anger. Kate went to the theater Edwin Knopf located in Baltimore, directed by noted natural talent the young actress and offered starring roles in productions of "The Queen" and "torch-bearers."
At the same time, Kate started taking acting lessons from Frances Robinson-Duff. In "Big Lake" directed by Edwin Knopf invited Katherine to be understudy played the leading role. After the rehearsal, the director decided that Katherine is better, and gave the role of Catherine. Catherine's debut in the title role fell through, the audience did not take the change.
Theater director Edwin Knopf fired her, but Kate did not give up and began to play in another theater. Recalling those years, Katherine, said:
"I have always dismissed.
The destiny I was destined to" break out - and off. "I could take any role and read it without even knowing what it is we - oh, I did better than anyone else, I was able to laugh and cry, and the role they gave me always, and then - and then something happened. Or am I losing his voice, or forget cues, blushed, began to speak too quickly - in a word, I could not play. In public, I turned to stone "
In twenty-one years married Katherine Ladlau Ogden Smith, her childhood friend. Continues to play in theaters in Stockbridge, finally claimed her for the lead role in the Broadway play "The warrior's husband." The premiere was held in the theater "Morosko" (New York) was held in 1932. After the show the name of Katharine Hepburn became known, the audience was delighted.
Katherine felt a real actress and one went to Hollywood, the husband of Ludlow was against the move. This was the beginning of the end of their family life. A year later, they divorced in Yucatan, at the same time retained a friendly relationship. In the difficult years of Catherine often sought help from her ex-husband.
In 1930 Catherine began acting in films and in 1933 received the first "Oscar" at the wheel of Eva Lovelace in the movie "Morning Glory". In between shots in the film she returned to Broadway.
Katherine really wanted the role of Scarlett from the novel "Gone with the Wind", but the role of escaped each time.
Then, Phil Barry, her good friend, one of the best playwright, she has written specifically for the play "The Philadelphia Story." The main character had similar traits with Catherine: explosive, with a constant stream of words irony and humor. The play was beautiful, despite the fact that Katherine has several times asked Barry to rewrite the ending of the play. Barry rewrote the play several times as she wanted Catherine.
In 1933 in New Haven premiere of "Philadelphia Story", and then on Broadway, the audience was stunned by the play, and criticism very well spoken. The play brought more than a million dollars in revenue, a theater, "Gilda" was saved from ruin, and Catherine was a quarter of the amount.
The play became so popular with the public that the film companies fighting for the right of adaptation, but missed all of the rights owned by Katharine Hepburn. The film based on the play came out in 1940 and has received numerous awards from film critics.
Katharine Hepburn's contemporaries said that her work is not easy because of the constant striving for perfection Katherine. Katherine honed his acting talent, it is best to have obtained her comedic roles, and built on the ingenuity of the dialogue. She could try to rehearse and stage setting for multiple takes in different variations.
In the late 1940s, Hepburn went to the Shakespearean repertoire, which represented the theater "Court" from New York.
The work proved so successful that the theater troupe "Court" has continued to tour throughout the United States, the audience was delighted with the theater.
In general, all the 1950s were the performances of plays by Shakespeare: "Old Vic", "The Taming of the Shrew" and "Measure for Measure." The performances were so successful that the tour brought the theater in Australia
After Shakespearean roles Hepburn returned to the movie, this time Kate starred in 28 films. All roles were given simple enough, except as an old maid in the movie "African Queen" (1951). Because of the frequent relocations in an unusual environment for filming on location harry Catherine, that this period of her life was recorded in the book "On the set of" African Queen ", or How I went to Africa with Bogart, Beykol and Huston and almost lost her mind".
Then there was a film based on the play by Eugene Onila "Long Day's Journey Into Night," where it is the image of Mary Tyrone critics unanimously recognized the talent of a tragic actress.
For his role in anti-racist film Kramer "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner?" received a second Oscar. After the ceremony, June 10, 1967, suddenly stopped her angry lover - Spencer Tracy. Catherine grieved his death:
"When he was on the side of life - the last six or seven years - I actually walked away from the cases just to be near him, so he was spared the turmoil and did not feel lonely - says Hepburn.
- I was happy the fact that I can do it. I draw, write, and remained alone in the hope that he will live forever. So what was it? Spencer seemed to me absolutely absolute. He really liked me - to the heart. "
Peter OTul to support Catherine, invited her to star in the historical film "The Lion in Winter." Katharine Hepburn played Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, for this role, she received a third "Academy", which was not the last. The fourth "Oscar" Heprbern received in 1982 for his role in the movie "On Golden Pond."
Kathryn recalls with pleasure about the project:
"Hank and I were in the right - mature - age, so we did not have to" play "old age. She leans on the man suddenly. Suddenly, you feel that your spring is gone. Your spring in the sense of mobility . now - an old woman - you do not jump off the chair. you "climb." That is making a completely different action. "
Being over eighty Catherine continued to star in a movie, it is constantly asked about the secret to a successful career, and she replied:
"You want me to tell about the unexplained that makes people laugh and cry… I have no idea what I was doing, until I do not forget some replica - only then, thinking that I stage. Spencer has always told me: "Learn the replica - and more!" It is also considered, and Larry Olivier and John Gielgud.
Of all the talents of the game is in last place. life - that's what's important. Birth, Love and Pain. And then death. And the game - it is waiting for a cake with custard.'s wrong. "
Despite the violent creativity Katherine, her advanced age made itself felt: Parkinson's disease, arthritis and eye disease. In an effort to help their health, Catherine sold her house in midtown Manhattan, where she lived since 1932, and bought a house in Odd Saybrook in a beautiful forest.
Catherine went to live quietly and modestly, as a retired soldier of the United States, having gone from the life of June 29, 2003. Katharine Hepburn left a lot of movies that are included in the classic American film industry, and many theatrical productions, popular to this day. American audience in 1999 recognized the legendary actress Katharine Hepburn. Hepburn, the only person nominated for "Oscar" 12 times.