Louis de Funes
His full name - Carlos Luis de Funes de Galarza, the famous French actor, born 31 July 1914 in the aristocratic family of Leonora and jeweler Carlos, who came from a Spanish nobleman.
Since childhood, Louis had the mobility and a penchant for tomfoolery. One day in class the teacher Louis parodied behind him than the class laugh, for it has been expelled from class to the principal.
Louis's mother taught him from childhood to work, the young Louis has worked as a courier, messenger of milk, an assistant draftsman and salesman in the shop.
When he was drafted into the army, Louis was furious when he was refused because of his small stature at 1 m 64 cm and a low body weight.
Serious passion for acting with Louis evident late in almost 27 years, he began attending theater courses Rene Simon. His first role on stage was awarded the Louis newspaper article about a new actor who plays with a twinkle in his eye.
There, on theater courses, Louis met Joan, his future wife, who was from a noble family and was a relative of the writer Guy de Maupassant.
April 22, 1942 Louis and Jeanne were married when the Second World War was in full swing. Began hungry occupation of France, Louis worked at the warehouse after began playing in night cabarets.
Despite all of the conditions of life, Louis and Joan first child in November 1944, and after the war, a second son.
Educating children by Jeanne, because with the end of the war Louis became a lot to appear in small roles to support the family and pay the bills for the apartment. In the period from 1945 to 1963 by Louis participated in small roles in 112 films.
Louis comicality shone in all its episodes already, but it began to recognize in 1954, after a cameo role in the film "Daddy, Mommy, the maid and I," where he played pristavuchimi neighbor Monsieur calomel. It is with this role came comedic character traits that have become associated actor Louis de Funes.
Over the next film, "Do not be caught - not a thief," where Louis opened his charisma and become more charismatic actor with a unique comedic roles. Then there were the movies "Great American" (1961) and the first film about the gendarme - "gendarme of the Saint-Tropez" (1963).
Especially raised the popularity of Louis Fantomas films, where the main role of the hero of the plot to scare away Fantomas, but with the release of the first film became apparent another hero - Commissioner Zhyuva, in the role of Louis de Funes. All subsequent films Fantomas steel accented by Commissioner Zhyuva.
Louis finding the image has become more relaxed and confident, he has full use of the image he created in the next film, "gendarme of the Saint-Tropez." This time director Gerard Uri added to the energetic and indomitable image of the second comedian De Funes - Burvilem, which was the reverse opposite: slow and clumsy.
Stolid image Burvilem and irrepressible image De Funes was fascinated by the public, they are fully complemented each other.
Created by Tandem comedians began to appear in other movies: "Long Walk" and "Razin," which became box-office hits in France. During the first months of the films showing at the cinema show came more than 17 million Frenchmen.
Louis de Funes felt very free and comedian simply, while it has never worked or studied in the clown's art. Louis game was exaggerated facial expressions and gestures, which were conceived and the whole action. Critics spoke highly of the Forest of comedic talent Louis.
At one point, Louis de Funes became the highest-paid actor in French cinema. He was paid for his role in the film is not less than 2,500,000 francs. Even fees Alain Delon, the hero lover, do not exceed 2 million francs.
Celebrity Louis did not change him as a good-natured and polite person. Reporters loved Louis for his patience and courtesy when they had been too intrusive in their interviews. Each of his appearance on the streets of Paris caused the crowd around him.
The popularity of Louis de Funes and his huge fees have led to the fact that the supporting roles of other actors become faceless and Louis became the only character in the film.
This phenomenon frightened many actors who participated in the work along with Louis.
Louis de Funes starred in many films that did not develop his way, he stopped at one of types, it has been repeatedly recognized journalists.
"I repeat and repeat"
All this time, Louis was next to his wife, Jeannine, who accompanied him everywhere. She took care of it completely: drove a car, picked up the ties to the costumes. Jeannine collected clippings from newspapers and magazines about her husband.
Lou de Funes despite the movie is still a lot of playing at the theater. He loved the scene and have always found it even more important to the movie.
"The actor, as a pianist to play every day. Theatre - our scheme, the public - an inexhaustible source of energy, without direct contact with which is weak and can and does dry out the creative potential of the artist. On stage I recharges"
Louis caught up with the fate of many actors: during the show had a heart attack, he managed to save on the stage. The audience were shocked fans prayed for his favorite actor. Louis passed the recovery rate in the hospital for a few months, but then again he caught a heart attack. Scroll to consciousness after the second heart attack, Louis joked:
"It's probably for the best that I realized the first"
He feels Louis de Funes was bad, he was often assailed by bouts of fatigue, after which it disappeared, its expression restlessness and restless energy.
Louis stopped inviting to play a role in the film, for fear of a heart actor.
When Louis almost stopped acting in films, and his health improved, he suddenly called director Jean Louis Giraud and offered a role in the film. Louis refused the role offered an old friend, but promised to think over the offer.
Louis was cunning, he was looking forward to this proposal, before an old friend of Jean Giraud, whom Louis had known since 1964. In 1982, during the filming of "The Civil Guard and zhandarmetki" died director Jean Giraud.
For Louis de Funes friend's death was a tragedy, he finally ceased to be in the movies and playing on stage. He lost interest in public life, Louis went to live in his castle recluse. Louis stopped to chat with anyone, only the gardener Victor who helped him grow roses constantly by my side. Louis Victor and often went trout fishing on the river.
In December 1982 a survey was conducted of Parisians, who showed that almost half of the respondents called the best comedian Louis de Funes, and then just call: Pierre Richard and Michel Serres. It has been estimated that over 16 years movies with Louis saw nearly 100 million viewers.
At the same time, Louis de Funes was awarded the most honorable award in France - the Legion of Honor.
Two months later, January 28, 1983, early in the morning, Louis de Funes died, going into the room with his wife Jeanne. Paris and the whole of France was saddened by the news of the death of their beloved comedian.