1. Actors
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  1. Actors
  2. Photo: Sofia LorenSophia Loren, Shikolone real name, was born September 20, 1934, in Clinic of Queen Margaret. Mother Sophia — Romilda Wilanow, comes from the fishing village of Pozzuoli, arrived in Rome, where he was to meet with Ricardo Shikolone. When Romilda pregnant,…
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Marcello Mastroianni

Photo - Marcello Mastroianni
«Marcello Mastroianni»

Italian actor. Appeared in the movies: "White Nights", "Sweet Life", "8 1 / 2", "Divorce in Italian", "City of Women," "Ginger and Fred," "Interview" "black eyes", etc. He was awarded the Prize for Creativity, Felix (1988).

Marcello Mastroianni was born September 28, 1923 in Fontana Liri, Frosinone province. His father, Ottorino, a carpenter, his mother, Ida - housewife. The family lived poorly. They did not have either a bath or steam heating. In cold seasons Marcello lay down in bed in sweater and shorts.

In the eleven years Mastroianni for the first time came on the set. It starts statists, and in 1942 had already appeared in the extras in one of the founders of neorealizma Vittorio De Sica in "Children look to us."

Studied Marcello is always very good, except for a small problem with the human sciences. Fellini once said: "It is fantastically talented people, if only we are not complete idiots."

When the dictatorship of Mussolini, as a member of the Nazi youth organization, Mastroianni friends went hiking. During the war he entered the University at the building department. Once he got his eyes on the announcement of the competition for the job draftsman in the German military construction organizations TODT. "If you get there, be released from the army," - said Marcello friend. So they came to Florence, where the Military Geographical Institute. Then they moved to Dobbyako, on the border with Austria, and placed in a barracks alpine shooting. When rumors came that the transportation of students to Germany, Marcello with a friend, falsifying passes, ran home.

Trained at the University of Rome, Mastroianni met with Juliet Mazina. By participating in conjunction with her performances in the amateur student of theater - one of the strongest in Rome, and Marcello did not guess that Juliet told him of Luchino Visconti, director of theater and cinema.

Luchino Visconti often remembered is the perfect time, when the theater came Paola Stoppa, Rosselli Falk, Vittorio Gassman: "But perhaps the more interesting of all, get with Marcello Mastroianni, chappie, do not pronounce the simplest umevshim replicas. I took it in Shakespeare′s "Rosalind" in 1948, after which we worked together until 1956. He played with me for at least ten performances, but toward the end - the "Dude will have to jump Vanya" and a new production of Death of salesman. "

In the theater "Eliza" Mastroianni was immediately put on the role of Mitchell Williams in the play "Tramway" Desire. "Everything turned out as well as possible." I came out of the working environment, and it was my role, "- said the actor. Later, after leaving Gassmana, he will receive the "Tram" primary role.

Performance "Orest" Alfieri dalsya Mastroianni with great difficulty. He does not got to say verses. When the rumor spread that Visconti is going to replace it with another actor, Marcello zabrel in the bar and missed two helpings of brandy.

Photo - Marcello Mastroianni
«Marcello Mastroianni»

At the scene, he went full of audacity and determination. After the rehearsal Visconti told him: "You feel that now began to play better?" The next day he had almost applauded game Mastroianni.

Directed Blazetti looking show, said: "This material needs to do a movie" - and invited the actor removed the "I wish you such a rascal."

In 1950, Mastroianni was married to Flora Karabelle, the daughter of a fairly well-known musician. The only daughter, rodivshuyusya in 1951, they called Barbara.

The audience at Locarno International Film Festival, praised the game Mastroianni in the movie Lyuchano Eemmeer "Augustow Sunday" (1949). It was successfully removed in the other scenes Eemmeer: "Girls from the area of Spain" (1952) and "Paris is always Paris" (1950), as well as Blazetti in Our Time "(1953). Mastroianni is persuasive in the way of a simple Italian - farmer, worker, taxi driver ...

Since that time, Mastroianni is not to part with the film. Three or four paintings a year - this is his minimum. Created designs of a series and the spontaneity of the characters contributed to the success of an actor and in subsequent films: "Rush Life" (1952) and "Days of Love" De Santis (1954), where he created a comic image of the rural Romeo, ardently groom, turned in reasonably husband. In Dvoezhentse "(1955), this image was enriched with new features. Mastroianni has proved himself a wonderful comic actor. For "Days of Love" was awarded the prize "Silver Ribbon", the highest national award, annually awarded by Italian critics.

In doing so, he continues to work in the theater. Knight Ripafratta in Traktirschitse "Goldoni, Astro in" Dude will have to jump Vanya "and salted in the" Three Sisters "Chekhova Biff in" Death of salesman "Miller were among his best roles.

The very same Mastroianni experienced and doubt. This time, he reminisces with joy and sorrow: "I have betrayed the ideals of their parents, chose a decent profession. I zavlek whirlwind Bohemian Roman ... In akterstve I saw just a way to earn money. And how long it may last, but no one knew ... My father had gone blind from diabetes and his mother has lost hearing. But they loved to go to shows with my participation. Father - to listen to my voice, and her mother - to look at me ... "

The second "Silver ribbon" actor was in 1958 for her role Dreamers Visconti in the film "White Nights" (1957) by Dostoevsky′s novels. "I have attached a great deal of strength to play in the movie" White Nights ", because the main character in his shyness, I especially felt and saw myself. I myself was a nesmely in the affairs of love, and perhaps the same unfortunate".

In the most scandalous Fellini film "Sweet Life" Mastroianni played the role of secular reporter named Marcello, tell jokes and stories from the scandalous lives of the so-called "restaurant company." "My role in" Sweet Life "- said after the film screens at Mastroianni - I think the most important and most modern of all that I managed to play so far.

Photo - Marcello Mastroianni
«Marcello Mastroianni»

The image of a journalist Marcello - it is a normal death, which like many of our fragile, varies and, as all the "immature" people ready for the unexpected extremes - in bad and good sense ... He pulls to try all the emotions, to experience all the experiences that fill their lives ... Marcello himself does not know what he wants really, and as a result of losing all that. It is his "imperfection" is made with perfection: it is not a hero in the conventional sense, but it′s true image - a kind of nature, which in today′s reality, often ... "

At the Cannes Film Festival 1960, "Sweet Life" won the first place. In Italy, Marcello was considered the best actor in the year.

One of the toughest and best roles Mastroianni - to screen novel Vasco Pratolini "Family Chronicle" (1962). The film has a director Dzurilini. She shared with the painting "Childhood Ivanovo" Tarkovsky big prize in the Venice International Film Festival. "Family Chronicles" - a movie-dialogue, which is itself a man, appalled Death′s younger brother, the last member of the family.

In "8 1 / 2" (directed by Fellini) Mastroianni - Guido Anselmi - played a very Fellini. This is a picture of the artist′s creative torments, for filmmakers in the jester hat, but a prophet with a beard, holding a whip and a magic wand "- Fellini identified so close to him the type of artist. "It is clear that the best movies of Fellini, - said Marcello - I was a visual embodiment of his soul. Fellini was in need of alter ego, in the character, who would bear the burden of his weaknesses. In the film "8 1 / 2" I have revealed their identity antigeroya. In general, all my characters, played with Fellini - Losers. And I liked very much, because close to me in spirit ... "

Mastroianni - one of the few actors who are available to all genres: comedy, drama, tragedy. His characters are true "simple truths" of life. Love, work, family, for them - undeniable value.

Pietro Djerma satirical comedy "Divorce in Italian" (1961), where Mastroianni played with brilliance "Italian Oblomov," the Baron Fefe CefalГ№, forced the amazed of the ease with which the actor is moving from the complex, intense dramatic roles to witty farce. The great success of the audience enjoyed "Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow" (1963), "Marriage in Italian" (1964), "Casanova 70" (1964).

In 1966, Mastroianni appears on the stage of Teatro Sistina in the role of Rodolfo Valentino in the musical "Ciao, Rudy." With correspondents around the world gathered to take his interview. "For me it was very useful and interesting experience - the actor recalled. - I am much tired, as is not yet accustomed to this type of rhythm, and even once told a journalist that Hamlet is easier to play, as it is not musical comedy. "

The great deceiver descended from the stage after four months of mass agitation.

Photo - Marcello Mastroianni
«Marcello Mastroianni»

Fellini invited him removed in Mastorne. Mastroianni had to pay a substantial penalty for having to quit the show, but the scenario "Mastorny" have remained unrealized.

Luchino Visconti film "Foreign" (1967) concluded, in the words of Film Critics, "antigeroyny period" of creativity Mastroianni.

In summer 1968, he was in Cortina d′Ampetstso in the movie "Lovers." The main female role is played by Fay Danauey.

At meetings, she was much stronger than Marcello. "I was struck by Fay in its ease, it is constantly flying hair, her inconsistencies ..." - says Mastroianni. They even discussed the possibility of divorce with the flora, and their wedding. Marcello is not yielded to pressure exerted on him: "When we met, you knew that I was married." Then Fay announced to him that between them all over. Marcello came to despair. Comfort him ... Flora.

Thus ended his love affair with the American and began a long, passionate affair until the madness with Frenchwoman Catherine Deneuve. Marcello was blinded by her beauty, intellect, charm, elegance and talent ...

They came together during shooting the film "This happens only with the other", the director who was the wife of Jean-Louis Trentinyana - Nadine Trentinyan. In 1971 became for Marcello and Catherine discovery of each other. In the same year, Marco Ferrero, invited them into his film under strict called "Bitch", and in 1973-meters - in the film "No throne white woman, and thus their joint creative career is over.

Marcello invites Catherine to marry him, but French, even after the birth of a daughter - Chiara-Charlotte Mastroianni, denies it: "Our relations have been exhausted. I no longer have any desire to continue this farce. And ending at this. " Marcello was very amazed and lost. And again was forced to go back to Flora.

In Italy, a period of political cinema. Mastroianni was a Mario Ferrero in Allonzanfane "(1974), in Ettore Scola in particular the bottom" (1977) and the "Terrace" (1979). In the last film of his hero a journalist, but he is far from a reporter from the "sweet life". For him, as for the rest of the heroes of old like the culture, the future is already past.

A new decade - the most fruitful period in the life of an actor. And he began again, with Fellini - the "City of Women (1979), in which he performs the role of the aging free-liver Snaporaza. Marcello for the first time he has played with the actress Juliet Mazina in the movie "Ginger and Fred" (1985) and, finally, in the film "Interview" (1987) - a similar story structure to that of the previous band - the duo to meet again older actors . Mastroianni is returned along with his partner Anita Ekberg in "Sweet Life", which started in their glory.

He was always interested in new. According to Marcello, it is, he suggested his friend - producer Sylvia D′Amiko - invite Nikita Mikhalkov to shoot the film in Italy, which became the "black eyes" (1986).

Photo - Marcello Mastroianni
«Marcello Mastroianni»

Later, the actor recalled that the shooting of the picture enjoyed the atmosphere of full freedom and relaxedness like Fellini.

Mastroianni played the role of "foreign guests", on behalf of Romano, whose heart was broken forever suddenly broke out with love to a woman who lives in the provincial town of Russia. Non-Roman - this is the very soul of Marcello Mastroianni.

In Italy, the film had a rapturous reception. During the "black eyes" actor received a prize at the Cannes Film Festival. "It was Russian award - said he. - Indeed, I myself Chekhov hero ... "Friendship with Mikhalkov further developed into a theatrical production" Unfinished piece for mechanical piano, in which Mastroianni played a major role.

Marcello returns to its other hypostasis - the "average person", the heroes, his fame in 1950. And while the heroes of the 1990′s, of course, postareli, however, they again brought him success. About the roles in the films: "What time is it?" (1989), "all right" (1990), "Interrupted step Stork" (1991).

Mastroianni said: "There comes an hour, when the wrinkles on the face becomes more beautiful necktie, and the characters, which represent, are just as complex as human beings. This is great! "

Good luck, he believes a meeting with Sophia Loren. The Union of Mastroianni and Loren in the history of world cinema is unique. For the first time they were shot together in 1949 in the film "Heart of the Sea" D. Bianchi, although the birth of this duo Mastroianni considers painting "It is a pity that you are such a rascal" (1954). They played together in 12 films, among them World-wide "Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow", "Marriage in Italian," "Sunflowers," "unusual day".

"The directors with whom we worked for, believed in us, gives us complete freedom, and treat us with great respect" - recalled Mastroianni.

In the film Robert Oltmena "Pret-a-porter" (1994) Hero Mastroianni - Russian fashion designer Sergey, who is also a former Italian Sergio. This was the last joint work of Mastroianni and Sophia Loren.

His actors philosophy he defined as follows: "I am very lazy, passive man ... I - an observer rather than a person acts. I - a man standing by the window and the gazer in the other. I have an Italian philosophy: all postponed until tomorrow. At night I get a plate of spaghetti, a bottle of wine and friends ... In all of my good films such as "Sweet Life", "Eight and a half, the last of Leo," "Foreign", "black eyes", I was playing characters who do not act, and react. I feel more comfortable in such roles ... "

In another interview with Marcello said: "The actor - is the essence of man, which is probably close to its shell, or, as the saying goes, in his own skin ... The actor - this is a great clown, jester ... This is a mysterious animal that has the strange ability to change color, like a chameleon.

He should be able to lie well, and, of course, become better with age. I am convinced that to be really good in the role, must begin his career of fifty years. "

Mastroianni was called a "charming seducer and lover number one in Europe." Enough to explain its partners who were in his arms while on the set: Anita Ekberg, Anuk AimГ©, Ursula Andress, Brigitte Bardot, Jeanne Moreau, Monica Witt, Claudia Cardinale, Sophia Loren, Catherine Deneuve, Shirley McLean, Julie Andrews, Jessica Tendi , Lucia Bose ...

"All the talk about my donzhuanstve seems to me quite wrong, - resent Mastroianni. - Well, what of me Don Juan? I am lazy by nature and calm. Like most Italians, I have a big shapeless nose ... "Especially irritating him, when he called the" Latin lover ".

Mastroianni took off in the 160 movies. He - BA, Chevalier of the Order of the Legion of Honor and Grand Cross of the Italian ... For creativity and contribution to cinema European Film Academy awarded him "Phoenix."

The names of the two most recent films involving Mastroianni, one might say, to some extent have become symbolic: "The three lives and a death" and "Journey to the top of the world" (both - 1996). In the "three lives ..." He took off with her daughter - Chiara Mastroianni ... Once a close knowledge Marcello journalists asked him: "If you leave with the audience, what would you say?" - "Good-bye" - ironically answered actor.

Many months, he struggled with serious illness - cancer of the pancreas. Mastroianni treated the disease with bitter irony: "Why should I go if I want to live yet?" My 72-years, he met film director Anna Maria Tato, which was connected the last twenty years of life. "It is a proud woman - talked about his civil wife Marcello - beautiful, very nice and honest."

At the end of 1996 was successfully held in Venice premiere of the comedy "Last Moon" in which Marcello has played the role of an elderly professor, and speech, delivered to them, now seems prophetic: "I want to die by Christmas, so the snow was lying ... "

On Thursday 19 December 1996 the great Italian actor died in his Paris apartment on the street the Seine at the age of 72 years. He died in the capital, his second homeland, but bequeathed to bury himself in Rome.

The next day, the Roman newspaper Repubblika "placed at the first band bitter vignette: Fellini, as always, with a scarf is flying in a cloud with a smile and invites:" Come here, Marcello, are excellent. "

 
  1. People and biographies — Actors
  2. Photo: Sofia LorenSophia Loren, Shikolone real name, was born September 20, 1934, in Clinic of Queen Margaret. Mother Sophia — Romilda Wilanow, comes from the fishing village of Pozzuoli, arrived in Rome, where he was to meet with Ricardo Shikolone. When Romilda pregnant,…
  3. Photo: Audrey HepburnAudrey Hepburn, British actress, born in Brussels, where she was born May 4, 1929 in a family of Dutch Baroness Ella van Heemstra and the English banker John Victor Hepburn-Ruston, received the name of Edda Kathleen van Heemstra Hepburn. She had…
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