1. Actors
  2. Photo: Sofia LorenSophia Loren, Shikolone real name, was born September 20, 1934, in Clinic of Queen Margaret. Mother Sophia — Romilda Wilanow, comes from the fishing village of Pozzuoli, arrived in Rome, where he was to meet with Ricardo Shikolone. When Romilda pregnant,…
  3. Photo: Audrey HepburnAudrey Hepburn, British actress, born in Brussels, where she was born May 4, 1929 in a family of Dutch Baroness Ella van Heemstra and the English banker John Victor Hepburn-Ruston, received the name of Edda Kathleen van Heemstra Hepburn. She had…
  1. Actors
  2. Photo: Sofia LorenSophia Loren, Shikolone real name, was born September 20, 1934, in Clinic of Queen Margaret. Mother Sophia — Romilda Wilanow, comes from the fishing village of Pozzuoli, arrived in Rome, where he was to meet with Ricardo Shikolone. When Romilda pregnant,…
  3. Photo: Audrey HepburnAudrey Hepburn, British actress, born in Brussels, where she was born May 4, 1929 in a family of Dutch Baroness Ella van Heemstra and the English banker John Victor Hepburn-Ruston, received the name of Edda Kathleen van Heemstra Hepburn. She had…
  4. Photo: Katharine HepburnIn the city of Hartford, in the summer May 12, 1907 into a wealthy family, was born Katherine Hepber. His father, Thomas Norvel Hepburn, was a wonderful doctor and his mother, Katharine Houghton in March, the daughter of a wealthy owner…
  5. Photo: Louis de FunesHis full name - Carlos Luis de Funes de Galarza, the famous French actor, born 31 July 1914 in the aristocratic family of Leonora and jeweler Carlos, who came from a Spanish nobleman. Since childhood, Louis had the mobility and a…
  6. Photo: Brigitte BardotBrigitte Bardot was born on September 28, 1934 into a wealthy family of a retired military man. The whole family lived Borda, near Paris, in a suburb of Neuilly. Bridget's parents, like real Parisian bourgeoisie, gave his daughter a good education,…
  7. Photo: Liza MinnelliLiza Minnelli was born on March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, her parents, Vincent Minnelli and Judy Garland worked directors of musicals and musical comedies, so Liza's musical talent developed from childhood. Liza's childhood was quite happy: her parents spoiled and…
  8. Photo: Ingrid BergmanSwedish actress. Filmed in the movies: "Intermezzo," "Casablanca," "For whom the bell tolls", "Gas Light" (Oscar), "Stromboli", "Anastasia" (Oscar ), "Murder in the Orient Express" (Oscar), etc. Among the theatrical roles: Joan of Arc, Gedda Gabler, Anna Christie and othersIngrid Bergman…
  9. Photo: ANTHONY HOPKINSEnglish actor. Acted in films: "The Lion in Winter," "Hamlet," "Elephant Man", "Charing Cross Road, 84", "Silence of the Lambs," "Kingdom of Shadows," "Nixon", " , Amistad, " Remains of the Day, " Hannibal ", etc. Philip Anthony Hopkins was born…
  10. Photo: Burt LancasterAmerican actor. Appeared in films: "From now and for ever", "tattooed rose," "Sweet smell of success", "Elmer Gentri, the Nuremberg process," "Amateur birds from Alkatrasa", "Leopard," " ; Train "," Professionals "," Family Portrait in the interior, " Twentieth Century ","…
  11. Photo: Marlon BrandoAmerican actor. Acted in films: A Streetcar Named Desire, " Viva Zapata! "," Savage, " In Port "(Oscar)," Pursuit, " Candy, " Queimado, " The Godfather "(Oscar)," Last Tango in Paris "," Superman, " Apocalypse Now "," Don Juan de Marco…
  12. Photo: Marcello MastroianniItalian actor. Appeared in the movies: "White Nights", "Sweet Life", "8 1 / 2", "Divorce in Italian", "City of Women," "Ginger and Fred," "Interview" "black eyes", etc. He was awarded the Prize for Creativity, Felix (1988).Marcello Mastroianni was born September 28,…
  13. Photo: Paul NewmanAmerican actor, director, producer. Appeared in films: fruity bird of youth "," Buch Cassidy and Sandens KID "," trickster "," scam "," white "," Verdict, " The smell of money (premium " ; Oscar), "Mr. and Mrs. Bridge" and other director′s…
  14. Photo: Al PacinoThe famous Al Pacino, and the full name of Alfred James Pacino was born on April 25, 1940 in the South Bronx area of ??New York, which is still considered home to the poor. Al Pacino grew up without a father,…
  15. Photo: Dustin HoffmanAmerican actor. Appeared in films: "Graduate," "Midnight Cowboy," "Little big man", "straw dogs", "Lenny", "marathon runner", "Kramer v. Kramer" (Oscar ), "Tutsi", "Rain Man" (Oscar), "American Buffalo," "Sphere," "red herring", etc.Dustin Hoffman was born August 8, 1937 in Los Angeles. His…
  16. Photo: Gary CooperGary Cooper, real name Frank James Cooper, was born on May 7, 1901 in a farmer's family in Montana. All childhood Gary Cooper was at the ranch, where he helped his father with the horses. Subsequently, the ability to get along…
  17. Photo: Charles ChaplinEnglish actor and film director. Starting with the 1910-ies created in the image of the dumb comedies vagabondage Charlie combining set to take: mustaches, bowler hat, walking stick. Appeared in films: "Gold Rush", "Circus," "The Great Dictator", "footlights", "Lights Big City",…
  18. Photo: Jean MaraisFrench actor and film. Roles in Theater: Michelle ( "terrible parent"), Nero ( "Britannica"), Lear (King Lear), and others appeared in films: "Eternal return", "Beauty and the Beast," " , Orpheus "," Captain Frakass, " The Count of Monte Cristo, "…
  19. Photo: Alain Delon(b. 1935)French actor. Acted in films: "Rocco and His Brothers", "Eclipse", "Leopard," "Two in the city", "Death of a scoundrel," "Samurai", "indomitable", "surgeon", "Borsalino", "For the skin of the police," "Our History", "New Wave", etc. Alain Delon was born on November…
  20. Photo: Romy SCHNEIDERGerman actress. Filmed in the movies: the trilogy "Sissi", "Christine," "Boccaccio 70", "Process", "Ludwig", "Train", "The main thing - love," "old gun" "Cesar and Rosalie," "Woman in the Window," "Simple Story", "Live coverage of the death, etc.Rosemarie Magdalena Alba-Retta (Schneider) was…
  21. Photo: Anna MagnaniItalian actress. Art Magnani, how deeply the national character of its heroines, and in the manner of its execution, revealed in a film: "Rome - Open City," "Dreams on the roads," "Love," "The Most Beautiful," " tattooed Rose (Oscar), "Mama Roma",…
  22. Photo: Sarah BernhardtFrench actress. Played in the plays of Shakespeare, Rasin, Dumas, Sardou, Hugo, Musset, Rostand, and others were shot in the movies: "Tosca," "Queen Elizabeth", "Lady with the Camellias", etc.Sarah Bernhardt was born on October 22, 1844 in Paris. She was one…

Vivien Lee

Photo - Vivien Lee
«Vivien Lee»

The English actress. On the scene since 1935 (the theater "Old Vic"). Filmed in the movie "Gone With the Wind," "Waterloo Bridge", "Lady Hamilton", "Tram" Desire, " Ship Fools ", etc. Among the theatrical roles: Cleopatra, Antigone (Antigone) Sabina ( "a hair′s breadth of death"), Blanche ( "Tram" Desire "), etc.

Vivian Mary Hartley (Vivian Lee) was born November 5th, 1913 in Darjeeling, India. Vivian′s father, Ernest Hartley, yorkshirets with an admixture of French blood, was an excellent actor-lover. In autumn of 1911, as a junior partner of brokerage firms in India, he married in Braydlingtone at Beauty Yakdzhi Gertrude Robinson.

In seven years, Vivian gave to monastic school in Rohemptone. Each year the school put amateur performances, and the girl said: "I want to become an actress. Great actress! "She has passion for history, played the piano, violin and cello, attend classes" of drama and dance. When the mother took her on a trip, the girl visited the hostels in Germany, France and Italy.

In 1931, Vivian Hartley entered the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. At the ball, she met a 32-year-old lawyer Herbert Lee Holmanom. December 20, 1932 they were married in the Catholic Cathedral of St.. James. Less than a year, as Mrs Holman gave birth to daughter Susanna. However, as recalled one of his close friends, "all of us it was clear that she could not tolerate the home and dreamed about the stage."

And in September 1934, Vivian took part in the comedy "Things go in harmony." Soon, it appeared his agent, John Gliddon, as well as a nickname - Vivian Leigh.

The rapid rise of a theatrical actress has long been a legend. Theater manager Sidney Carroll invited her to play in the play by E. Dyuksa Mask of Virtue "big role Anriett Dyukesnua, a French prostitute, sham charming young virgin.

At the premiere, held on 15 May 1935, it has overshadowed all his charming game. "she says, perhaps too quietly, but in the room entered something magical and unusual, more than beauty, charm and grace - something unique, which can not be described in words. The magic of the stars "- wrote the Englishman John Kottrel.

Carroll proposed to change its name to the more feminine "Vivien." It appeared the actress Vivien Leigh. The next morning, the newspaper came out with a big drawn headlines: "New Star subdued London ... The triumph of a young actress ... Vivien Lee shines in a new play ... This actress - opening. The famous producer Korda has concluded its five-year contract.

In August 1936, began shooting historical adventure-drama "Flame over England." Vivien Li played a young maid of honor Cynthia. Her partner was Laurence Olivier. This meeting has its own prehistory. In the winter of 1934, Vivienne Lee went on the play "The Royal Theater, involving Olivier.

Photo - Vivien Lee
«Vivien Lee»

Apparently, it made it appear not only as an actor, because she told the friend: "Here′s to the man I′ll marry." - "Do not go mad - and answered. - Do you already have a husband ... "-" It does not matter. Anyway, I will go out for it ...

Three months of filming in the "Flame ..." flew like one day. She is satisfied that the Olivier - the man of dreams.

Vivien Lee played with pleasure along with Harrison in the comedy "Storm in a teacup." When the movie came out on the screen, they announced an ideal comic pair. Vivien Lee struck the art of transformation, even colleagues: "She could just hold the hands of a crossword puzzle in The Times and after a moment to stand in front of the camera, shvatyvaya with calm confidence, all the nuances of the scene. She could repeat the scene over and over again without losing accuracy of rhythm and intonation, if peresnimali scene from another actor. "

Ahead of its test is not easy to wait - Shakespearean Festival in Denmark. "Hamlet" in the courtyard of the castle Kronborgskogo - unforgettable staging of this play. The magnificent work of director Guthrie, excellent execution of the role of Hamlet Olivier and Vivien Li wonderful game to play the role of Ophelia gave a great color and liveliness.

After returning to London Olivier bought the house and moved there with Vivien Leigh. They stayed together in Venice.

In late 1937, Ms. Guthrie invited Lee to the role of Queen of titanite in the Shakespeare comedy "A Midsummer Night′s Dream." The famous actor Ralph Richardson says: "It was an excellent partner in all respects and made up to our joint work has been successful. Most of all I admire her sense of humor, cheerfulness, professionalism, common sense and flexibility in mind. "

Vivien Li has continued to dream of the impossible - the role of Scarlett O′Hara. During the "search for Scarlett" consider 1400 young women. Olivier on his own initiative, asked his agent to arrange her Miron Selznika sample for this role. On the night of 10 December 1938, when the fire was filmed Atlanta, Miron Selznik introduced his brother-producer David Miss Lee.

Vivien Leigh, with eyes shining with excitement, with the hair, awarded the wind, looked at the background of the burning city of dazzling. David Selznik was stunned. He later recalled: "When I presented Vivienne, her face light up, it was light. I immediately knew that finally I have what I have so long sought. And I′m not disappointed ... "

The contract was signed with the January 13, 1939, in the presence of kinoreporterov and the press.

Vivienne gave his heroine needed dose of arrogance and impudence, muted its inherent sentimentality. The shooting took her a lot of force. On the face of Vivien appeared wrinkles.

Photo - Vivien Lee
«Vivien Lee»

The operator had to change the lighting and aperture to hide traces of haggard. "I′m Scarlett lived for nearly six months, from early morning until late evening - said the actress. - I wish that every movement, every gesture belonged to my Scarlett and I had to feel that even Scarlett deeds that are worthy of scorn, I have committed. "

At the end of September 1939 unsuspecting audience in a theater town of Santa Barbara show "Gone with the Wind." The audience applauded long in the final. Laurence Olivier was genuinely impressed playing friends: "I did not expect that it is able to do so."

Vivien Lee in his twenty-six years, becoming a superstar. February 28, 1940 Spencer Tracy handed her "Oscar" for best female role.

After the triumph of "Gone With the Wind" leaders studio MGM "other actress in the role of Mayra, tender and tragic dancer from" Waterloo Bridge ". Thoughts Vivien Leigh, however, were a different story: Oliver wanted to "Romeo and Juliet." The prospect of play Juliet forced to look for work in cinema discontentedly - "dreary work." In fact, everything went differently. Mayra Leicester - one of the best roles Vivian Lee on the screen. Juliet - one of her few failures on the stage.

After filming "Waterloo Bridge", doctors have diagnosed as a terrible actress - tuberculosis, and Vivienne Lee had five months to go to the hospital. She hungered to work. "For me work is life" - she told friends and doctors.

In June 1940, Alexander Korda suggested that Lawrence Olivier and Vivien Lee to play major roles in the movie about Admiral Nelson and his girlfriend, Emma Hamilton.

"Vivien Lee presented the picture of the great poetry and a sense of incomprehensible and the great gift of the film actress, which is given to look into the depths of the human" I ", handing over all the shades of a quiet joy, exultation and despair, and - most importantly - love transforms and ennobles. It is no coincidence that a movie about Admiral Nelson called Emma Hamilton. " Without a doubt, Vivienne Lee Olivier reviews here, and he will never forget this ", - writes V. cinema tools.

In August 1940, Olivier and Vivien Lee officially married in Santa Barbara, California.

When Olivier decided to return to England, Vivienne followed him. Lawrence offered to play in the play "doctor′s dilemma."

In summer 1944, started shooting "Caesar and Cleopatra" by B. Shaw with Vivien Lee in the title role. And in April 1945, Miss Lee started the rehearsals for the play by Wilder play "The balance of the death." Her "shiny as a diamond" and "moving like mercury" Sabino unanimously named best actress of the stage.

In spring 1947, Miss Lee filmed in "Anna Karenina." There were tours with the troupe of "Old Vic" in Australia.

Photo - Vivien Lee
«Vivien Lee»

Spouses Olivier stopped on three plays: "Richard III", "On the balance of death" and "School of slander." Vivien Lee Wilder solo in a comedy, but sheridanovskoy "school" they shared the laurels in half.

Performances were held with great success. 1 November, 1948 the company "Old Vic" back home. For Vivien Li trip to Australia was associated with the warmest memories. The success has strengthened her faith in themselves.

January 20, 1949 in sheridanovskoy School slander "wife Olivier first played together on the English stage. Vivien Lee created the image of Lady Tizl. Critic Audrey Williamson praised the actress: "Pretty clearly, and issued (as a Gainsborough painting), she conveyed humor and grace with subtle colors and charming tenderness coquettishly."

February 6, 1949 came the most important part to Vivien Lee premiere. For several years she urged her husband to "Antigone" by Jean Anuya but Olivier long resisted.

Vivienne Lee, of course, would prove to Olivier that she can play a dramatic role. Character summarized O. Williamson: "A miniature, slip Antigone - Vivien Leigh, faithful to duty and proud, skewer a piece of the sword - all in the power of ideas, momentarily broken by fear, challenge, and unflappable. With renewed vigor, she expressed tenderness and pain, because Antigone not only personality who rebelled against despotism, but love the girl. "

After Antigone Olivier decided to play T. Williams, "Tram" Desire. "

Premiered on 11 October 1950. Critics were unanimous in their assessment of Vivien Leigh. Reviewer "The Times wrote:" Her impressive performance. It gives the impression of an exciting depiction of the heroine, who gradually loses mind - absurd, irrepressible and dying. The strength of her performance increases as the dramatic story. "

Eight months Vivien Lee appeared in the guise of a lonely beauty fade with the South. And every time the curtain fell, it had a few more minutes could not come to himself, shaking fit in the role of provoking hysterics. One of the spectators was the American playwright Robert Sherwood. He summed up: "This is a play about Blanche. So it is written. In New York it was a piece of Stanley: heavily played Brando. Now, in the play balance, and we saw her for the first time. "

Vivien Li has agreed to pull in the Hollywood screen "tram" Wishlist ", under the leadership of E. Kazana and with the participation of M. Brando. The director recalled:" I admire her because she has never ceased to strive for perfection. It is never satisfied, and , I say to her: "Let′s try again!", it would popolzla by broken glass to get themselves a good result. "

In 1951, the Cannes film festival jury named Vivienne Lee the best actress.

Photo - Vivien Lee
«Vivien Lee»

The American Film Academy awarded her second Oscar. " Tennessee Williams said in an interview with the magazine "Life" that Miss Lee has invested in Blanche everything he wanted, and so, as he had not even dreamed of.

Shooting of "tram" took only three months. For appointment to the 1951 Festival of Britain, Olivier was preparing a surprise: double production of Caesar and Cleopatra "Show and" Antony and Cleopatra "by Shakespeare. Vivien Li would portray young Cleopatra and Shaw tridtsatisemiletnyuyu Queen Nile.

The idea was derzok actress: she decided to play Cleopatra Shaw, using the upper register, but the next evening, in the role of Cleopatra Shakespeare, switch on the bottom. This required a fantastic skill and technique, and Vivienne Lee returned to take up technology of speech and singing.

In late April the two pieces shown in Manchester. Criticism unanimously proclaimed Vivien Lee a great actress.

Five months after the premiere in London, the troupe moved to New York where the productions were a further four months. Tickets were sold out in advance on the fantastic sum of one million dollars. In March 1952, Vivienne Lee learned of the award to her "Oscar" for "Tram". But in April, it overtook nervous attack.

The newspapers began to appear unpleasant and malicious articles which stressed that "Vivienne constantly suffer from attacks of depression and sexual obsession, which, while remaining one, it could lead to the house the first of the counter ..."

In 1953, nervous system Vivien Lee badly delivered. She could not remember the text, suddenly lost consciousness at the time of filming the movie "elephant trail." Full-scale shooting took place in Ceylon. Heat and humidity were unbearable. When actress beginning actor Finch called "Larry", the partner agreed that it was on the verge of attack manic depression.

Traveling to Los Angeles led her to the brink of a full nervous breakdown. First week in the United States went smoothly. Then it came to gossip that Olivier is considering divorce. At the shoot, she will not remember the replicas and then called Finch "Larry." We had to replace it with Elizabeth Taylor ...

Flight to London was very hard. Right from the London airport Vivienne taken in a private hospital in Surrey, where doctors prescribed it to a full three months of rest and banned visits.

In July 1953, returning to London, she seemed perfectly healthy. In September, in Manchester, the premiere of "The Sleeping Prince" Rettigana. Make-up room Miss Lee was all in color. The same was repeated in London, but with even greater magnitude. The premiere of "Phoenix" coincides with the fortieth anniversary Vivienne. Bouquets and congratulations flooded the theater. According to Williams, "the most memorable moment of the evening was the warmth with which the public accepted the actress after the illness.

Photo - Vivien Lee
«Vivien Lee»

Fragile, like a lily in bright wig and white dress, she never looked lovely, and very few people in the room not be surprised to learn that it is no longer twenty-three. "

In the commercial for "Sleeping Prince" was a brilliant success. He went eight months.

The next season at Stratford opens April 12, 1955 romantically rendered "Twelfth Night." Miss Li - Clean, fun and Pretty Viola - remembered a quiet beauty of movements and poses, "- wrote criticism.

June 7, came above all "Macbeth," the greatest triumph of Olivier. Most of the dramatic critics failed to take Lady Macbeth of Vivien Leigh. True, there have been other opinions. Thus, A. Price-Jones wrote that Vivien Lee - the most terrible Lady Macbeth, which he saw on stage: in her beauty and charm - something icy, snake, remember better than Macbeth - Olivier.

A trip to Paris, Venice, Zagreb, Belgrade, Vienna and Warsaw has proved difficult test for the actresses because of the heat, tiring travel and is not an ideal relationship with Olivier. Moreover, in Paris, was awarded the cross of the Legion of Honor, as in Yugoslavia and Poland, where the audience does not know Olivier, theater besieging Scarlett O′Hara.

Nervous attacks followed Vivien Lee Increasingly, as their length increases. Newspapers have reported "strange" the actress, serious journalists explained that "madness" is one of the most courageous acts Vivien Lee - her desperate attempt to save from destruction Theater "St. James" ...

Vivien Lee knew that Laurence Olivier is keen to have a child. In 1956, she reported to him that is pregnant. The second time in sixteen years of marriage ... But giving birth to her baby again, it was not to: at the fourth month of pregnancy, she again lost it ...

Summer 1957-th Vivien and Laurence together in Venice. They continued to play "the most happy couple in the world of art." Churchill - an admirer of the talent and beauty Vivien Lee - gave her a picture in which he painted three roses standing in the vase. The actress was so moved present Prime Minister, that put a picture in his bedroom ... Lawrence did not have to - he was sleeping in another room, but after a while, when Vivien Lee had a regular "fit of hysteria", he went ...

In 1960, Vivienne Lee was invited to "fight the angels" on Broadway. Next to it was John Merriveyl - American actor, who served one of the roles in this performance. He said Sir Lawrence, which assumes responsibility for the fate of Vivien Leigh.

In recent years the pace of life is increasing. Vivienne Lee was in the screen story by T. Williams′ The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone "(1961). And while the American Film Academy is not awarded it, "Oscar", the fact that the nomination of her candidacy speaks for itself.

After the end of filming Vivienne Lee again went on tour in Australia and New Zealand.

She played in "Twelfth Night", "fight the Angels" and "Dame with camellias. This was followed by successful tours of Latin America.

March 18, 1963 the premiere of the musical "comrade" on Broadway. Critic A. Price-Jones recalled: "I remember as a young, flexible and incredibly was Vivien Leigh. She returned to the old format and moving the stage so easily, as if she was eighteen again. " Vivienne Lee was awarded the prize "Tony" for the best female role on Broadway. The play was over four times, he was transferred to another theater, but doctors recommended Vivian Lee to return to London.

Fall 1963 - Winter 1964 years were relatively quiet. Is that because of the cold weather had to go to the south. Returning, the actress has learned that Stanley Kramer suggests a role in the movie "The ship fools."

The film was greeted with delight. However, all observed the game Vivien Leigh. The young critic Alexander Walker said: "In recent years," specialty "Vivien Lee became the image of women who are experiencing" Middle Ages "of emotions and reach the limits of despair. No one else can compete with her in it. "Deep blue sea" and "The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone" showed her a woman in the grip of a nearly menopausal pathos - a woman who is afraid of losing a lover in the film, and women who make her gigolo in another. She remains in my memory in a scene Ships fools "(where she plays alkogolichku on the boat) when plyunuv to memories of the tragic past, one on the deck, dancing funny, brilliant Charleston. This scene is a visual summary of the replica, which is making it in the "Gone With the Wind": "I do not want to cry today. I′ll cry tomorrow." This rule was Vivien Leigh, and she carried him through his life. "

The French Academy awarded Vivien Lee Award for the best female role of a foreign actress - "Crystal".

In early 1967, John Vivian Lee Gilgud invited on a tour of America and Canada. She had to play Anna Pavlovna in Chekhov′s play "Ivanov." But Vivien Li was already seriously ill. The audience no idea how serious the situation: each time the actress hardly bring the role to the end.

7 July, 1967 Vivian Lee died at the age of fifty-three years. That evening, all of West End theaters, paying tribute to her memory, for an hour damp lights.

 
  1. People and biographies — Actors
  2. Photo: Sofia LorenSophia Loren, Shikolone real name, was born September 20, 1934, in Clinic of Queen Margaret. Mother Sophia — Romilda Wilanow, comes from the fishing village of Pozzuoli, arrived in Rome, where he was to meet with Ricardo Shikolone. When Romilda pregnant,…
  3. Photo: Audrey HepburnAudrey Hepburn, British actress, born in Brussels, where she was born May 4, 1929 in a family of Dutch Baroness Ella van Heemstra and the English banker John Victor Hepburn-Ruston, received the name of Edda Kathleen van Heemstra Hepburn. She had…
  Rating — 16813, Statistics of views today — 2