1. Admirals
  2. Photo: Friedrich Wilhelm KANARISAdmiral Kanaris has made a major contribution to the revival of the German Navy after the Versailles peace. But the story he came over as head of German military intelligence - abvera.Friedrich was born Kanaris 1 Jan., 1887 in the village…
  3. Photo: Pattu Kunjali - Marakkar IIINearly five centuries zamoriny - the rulers of Calicut (area in the Indian subcontinent) - ensure the safety of trade in the Arabian and Red Seas, was in constant contact with the ports of the Persian Gulf and Africa. However, the…
  1. Admirals
  2. Photo: Friedrich Wilhelm KANARISAdmiral Kanaris has made a major contribution to the revival of the German Navy after the Versailles peace. But the story he came over as head of German military intelligence - abvera.Friedrich was born Kanaris 1 Jan., 1887 in the village…
  3. Photo: Pattu Kunjali - Marakkar IIINearly five centuries zamoriny - the rulers of Calicut (area in the Indian subcontinent) - ensure the safety of trade in the Arabian and Red Seas, was in constant contact with the ports of the Persian Gulf and Africa. However, the…
  4. Photo: Andrew CunninghamCommanding the Mediterranean fleet, nearly three years, Cunningham has successfully fought against the Italian fleet, demonstrating the military and diplomatic power.Admiral Cunningham (1883-1963) in 1939, served as Chief of the Mediterranean fleet, which by the beginning of the Second World War…
  5. Photo: DOUGLAS McArthurAmerican military leaders, General of the Army."The American at all one hundred percent of our" American Caesar "- so named Douglas MacArthur, one of his friends. In the United States very often Caesar, kings, rulers called the people who succeed in…
  6. Photo: DAVID BeattyAdmiral D. Beatty named best British leader of the First World War. There was no naval commanders, who would be more famous in the big sea battles. This well-deserved fame sailor walked all my life.David Beatty Born January 17, 1871 in…
  7. Photo: GEORGE MonkMonk was famous as one of the most brilliant military leaders of the UK. But he also was, and naval commanders, and politicians who consider the architect of England after the restoration of republican government.George Monk was born Dec. 6, 1608…
  8. Photo: Francois-Paul Brueys D'AigalliersVice Admiral de Bryues (DBSA) (1753-1798) in Abukirskom battle courage and determination redeemed errors. Only a rearguard inaction led to the defeat, which could easily become a victory.Napoleon had made peace in the Campo-Forma collapse of the first antifrantsuzskoy coalition. Another…
  9. Photo: BERTRAND Home RAMSEYAdmiral Ramsay had to evacuate a British expeditionary corps in 1940, and manage marine Allied landings in Normandy in 1944.Bertrand Home Ramsay was born in the palace of Hampton Court, in Hampton, 20 January 1883. At Navy, he joined cadets in…
  10. Photo: Robert BlakeEnglish Admiral Robert Blake - one of the examples showing that a good horseman, led the fleet might not be the worst naval than many sailors.Robert Blake was born in August 1599 in Bridgewater, Sommerset County, a wealthy merchant family, graduated…
  11. Photo: CHARLES NEPIERAdmiral of Portuguese and English fleets Nepir distinguished in many battles, but in the history of unsuccessful campaign entered the fleet, which he commanded in the Baltic Sea.Nepir Sir Charles was the eldest son of Captain Lord Charles Nepira. He was…
  12. Photo: Michael ADRIANSZON RYUYTERMost marine historians agree that the Dutch admiral Ryuyter was one of the most prominent naval commanders of all times and peoples. Tactics and strategy, which he followed, in most cases led him to victory.Michael Adrianszon Ryuyter born March 24, 1607…
  13. Photo: SANEYYUKI AkiyamaMany described the Tsushima battle. Everyone knows, even the flagship of the commanders participating ships. But hardly a wide range of Russian readers know the name of Akiyama, who developed the plan of battle with the Japanese side. The time -…
  14. Photo: Yang GENDRIK KINSBERGENHe commanded the Dutch fleet, has received many high awards. However, the highest award for himself, Admiral Kinsbergen believed the Order of St. George, received in the battle against the superior opponent in the Black Sea.Jan van Gendrik Kinsbergen was born…

Mikhail Petrovich LAZAR

Photo - Mikhail Petrovich Lazar
«Mikhail Petrovich Lazar»

A few decades there quietly "Lazarevskaya School seamen, brought up the heroes of Sinop, the first defense of Sevastopol, and the creators of the steam fleet. Thanks to the efforts of MP Lazareva marked fame circumnavigation, discoveries, and fighting, sailing the Black Sea Fleet to the beginning of the Crimean War had reached its highest development.

Mikhail Lazarev was born Nov. 3, 1788 in the city of Vladimir. His father, Senator, Privy Councilor Peter G. Lazarev, was the ruler of Vladimir namestnichestva. After her father′s death the Imperial decree of January 25, 1800 future captain and his brothers Alex and Andrew were taken to Naval cadet corps. Hard lessons in the classroom combined with trips to the Gulf of Finland. Already during the first voyage Andrei and Mikhail Lazarev received flattering assessment. Soon noticed the ability and zeal in the study of marine Mykhail case. After the exam May 19, 1803 middy Mikhail Lazarev was among the first. After several months of cruise on the Baltic Sea, among his best middy sent a volunteer to England to attend the marine practice. 5 years young sailor went to the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, North and Mediterranean seas, was engaged in self-education, studied history and ethnography. Upon his return in 1808 it made in the warrant officer. The young officer was involved in the Russian-Swedish war, then swimming in the lung vessels, has been shown lihost and lightness. In 1811 Lazarev - Lieutenant. In 1812, he served in the brig "Phoenix" for valor in World War II received a silver medal.

Brilliant seafarer certification helped instruct the responsible cause. 9 Oct, 1813 from the port of Kronstadt, under the commercial banner came ship "Suvorov", which should deliver the goods to the Far East. Lazarev has successfully fulfilled the assignment, opened Suvorova uninhabited islands on the Pacific Ocean. He purchased a lot of quinine in Peru and other local products. In addition, the board adopted the animal, which in Russia was not.

Photo - Mikhail Petrovich Lazar
«Mikhail Petrovich Lazar»

Obognuv Cape Horn, the ship July 15, 1816 returned to Kronstadt. During the circumnavigation sailors "Suvorov" refined coordinates and spent shooting stations coast of Australia, Brazil, North America.

4 July, 1819 sloop "East" and "peace" (the latter commanded Lazarev) withdrew from Kronstadt to find land at the South Pole. Going to England and the island of Tenerife, ships across the Atlantic arrived in Rio de Janeiro. From the coast of Brazil went to the south and in December reached the island of New Georgia, an open Cook. In the same area sailors found and described several islands found that land Sandwich, named Cook, is in fact an archipelago South Sandwich Islands. The Russians approached the then unknown Antarctica. Many testified to the vicinity of icebergs vast land. 4 Jan, 1820 expedition to the half progressed further Cook. Despite the ice and fog, January 15, the court crossed the first Southern polar circle, the next day reached latitude 69 degrees 25 minutes. Several times the sailors were trying to go south, but were met by solid ice everywhere. Later it was found that 5 and 6 February, the expedition has reached a total of three to four kilometers to the shores of Princess Astrid of the Antarctic continent. But while this was not known. On the shore side showed, except for icebergs appearing birds.

After the onset of winter, the expedition headed south to the north. Sailors opened several unknown islands in the Tuamotu Archipelago. In November, the court again went to the south. Despite the difference in speed, they are not separated, except that the commanders had intended to explore a wider strip of sea. A major storm in mid-December is not interrupted studies. Three times the court crossed the polar circle, January 10, 1821 moved to 69 degrees 53 minutes south latitude, but they were solid ice. FF Bellingshausen turned to the east, and soon the sailors discovered the island of Peter I, and January 17 in clear weather in the south saw the land which was called the Earth by Alexander I.

Photo - Mikhail Petrovich Lazar
«Mikhail Petrovich Lazar»

Later found that this part of Antarctica was connected to the mainland ice shelves George VI. Despite the fact that it was not possible to come closer to the ground 40 miles, well was the highest mountain visible Holy George. Then the sailors, passing around the South Island Shetlendskih, found that the British public wrongly believed that in 1819, Captain Smith, the land of the continent.

As the East demanded repair of the expedition, studied the circumpolar region from all sides went back and 24 Jul., 1821 arrived in Kronstadt. During the voyage was opened on 29 islands on the map of Antarctica marked 28 sites with Russian names. It became clear that around the South Pole, there is a vast land, generates a lot of icebergs. In honor of circumnavigation otchekanili medal, awarded the parties. For Merit, MP Lazareva fired through the rank of captains of the 2 nd rank.

August 17, 1822 Lazarev with frigate "Cruiser" and the sloop Ladoga made of Kronstadt, and delivered the goods in the Pacific ports of Russia. 5 Aug, 1824 Lazarev on frigate returned to Kronstadt, completing the third circumnavigation. During his successful campaign in the capital have made the 1 st rank, was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir the 3rd degree.

February 27, 1826 Seaman was appointed to command a 12-m and the naval crew of the ship "Azov". He with his assistants dostraival ship in Arkhangelsk, penetrating all things and making improvements in design. A ship that has long been a model for the shipbuilders. October 5, Lazarev led to Kronshtadt ship "Azov", "Ezekiel" and sloop "manageable."

From 21 May to 8 August, 1827 "Azov" was the squadron of Admiral DN Senjavin converted in Portsmouth. Then was separated and sent to the Mediterranean Sea Squadron LF Gade. Flag-ship "Azov" was also the chief of the headquarters squadron. In the battle Navarinskom 8 Oct., 1827 "Azov" played a crucial, battling with a substantial part of the Turkish fleet alone to approach straggler ships and destroying some Egyptian ships, including Flagship.

Photo - Mikhail Petrovich Lazar
«Mikhail Petrovich Lazar»

For heroism displayed in battle, Lazarev fired in Rear-admirals, and was awarded the honors on behalf of English, French and Greek kings. "Azov" first received a stern St George flag.

During the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829 years Lazarev squadron commanded by blocking the Dardanelles. The emperor was pleased with them. February 17, 1832 he was appointed Rear Admiral Chief of Staff of the Black Sea Fleet.

The first breakdown strength for the Chief of Staff was the organization of the expedition to the Bosphorus. The Egyptian ruler Mehmet Ali Pasha in 1831 spoke out against the Sultan of the army and went to Constantinople. Without assistance from Western countries, the port turned to Russia. January 14, 1833 Lazarev was the highest command of a squadron to go to Constantinople. Shells for three weeks already Disarmament Squadron, February 8, rear-admiral led to Buyuk-Dere 4 ships, 3 frigates, corvette and brig. Fearful Lazareva Sultan tried to get off, but he held the position in the strait under various pretexts, had not yet arrived two more squadrons of troops. During the half-parking Russian sailors gathered about Constantinople and the Straits. The threat of an Egyptian Pasha has been eliminated, Russian squadron returned to base. Russia and Turkey signed Unkiyar-Iskelesiysky union contract, for Russia to establish a favorable regime for navigation in the Straits. Decisiveness and diplomatic activity Lazareva were evaluated: 2 April, 1833 it had made in the vice-admirals, July 1, became the flagship of the Adjutant General, the Emperor, August 2, was appointed as Chief Commander of the Black Sea fleet and ports, and 31 Dec., 1834 - approved in this positions.

Taking fleet Lazarev pointed out its shortcomings. Nevertheless, AS Greig has created the basis on which the Navy could develop further. The new chief commander, as an energetic man and a good sailor for 17 years at the base created a sailing fleet, the training of crews and ships are not inferior quality leading fleets worldwide.

Even in 1834 Lazarev develop a plan reflecting a possible British invasion in the Black Sea, which included landing on the Bosphorus, and if the enemy break through the straits - the destruction of the enemy at sea or at Sevastopol.

Photo - Mikhail Petrovich Lazar
«Mikhail Petrovich Lazar»

To do this required capable ships. In collaboration with the Chief of Staff, VA Kornilova Lazarev worked on the requirements of the device, and arming of warships. Fleet equipped with modern ships. Have been improved in admiralty Nikolayev, Novorossiysk, built in the Admiralty Sebastopol, completed after the death of the admiral, and named Лазаревским. Increased construction of Sevastopol. Enhanced hydrographic station produced maps and atlases of the Black and Azov Seas.

Over the years, management Lazareva was built more than 110 combat and support ships, including 17 linear and 8 ships. Artillery, which instead used the nuclei of the bomb, widely adopted by the Black Sea fleet, sooner, than abroad. Seaman suggested the use of domestic coal is the future of Donbass and found it an advantage over imports.

In the years 1838-1840 with Lazarev squadron organized landing on the coast of the Caucasus at Tuapse, Psezuape, Subash, Shapsuho. Have they clearly developed plan in which the combined actions of naval artillery, vysadochnyh vehicles and troops. Before disembarking, under the leadership of the headquarters prepared Lazareva normal set of documents (disposition of ships and frigates, ordered to disembark, the schedule of troops on rowing vessels disposition rowing vessels, the order of actions rowing vessels). For the first time, plans have been developed for continuous fire support to land forces. Sailors and troops previously trained. Careful preparation allowed to succeed at low cost.

A close link between the sailors and commanded the ground forces. The practice of interaction with the navy and the army continued later played a role in the defense of Sevastopol.

Planted troops created Caucasian coastline, which, with the support kreysiruyuschih sea units interrupt the delivery of contraband weapons mountaineers and helped end the war in the mountains. One line of fortifications was named Лазаревским.

The name remained on the map now.

All the Caucasus coast was divided into sections and reserved for kreysiruyuschimi detachments. Through year-round patrols without being logged in the database sailors were excellent practice, which have not been on the Baltic Sea froze its ports.

For success in the fleet, MP Lazarev was awarded the highest honors, Oct. 10, 1843 made in the admirals.

Friends of the Admirals were those sailors whom flagship tested in combat and long-distance hikes. By becoming admirals, lazarevtsy (Nakhimov, Kornilov and other) knowledge, skill and unswerving spirit of the Marine circulated to all ships of their squadron. They have made improvements in the design of ships, in the statutes and regulations. On account of the officers - a library Sevastopol Maritime and sailing fleet, sailors who have demonstrated their training in the long cruise from the Caucasian coast, in the battles against the Turks and the defense of Sevastopol.

Died MP Lazarev April 11, 1851 from stomach cancer. Buried Admiral Vladimir′s Cathedral in Sevastopol. After he left the Black Sea Fleet, to prepare one of the best in the world. For many years Lazarevskaya Maritime School is the basis for training of seafarers, and the famous "In the sea - at home" SO Makarov stems from this same place.

 
  1. People and biographies — Admirals
  2. Photo: Friedrich Wilhelm KANARISAdmiral Kanaris has made a major contribution to the revival of the German Navy after the Versailles peace. But the story he came over as head of German military intelligence - abvera.Friedrich was born Kanaris 1 Jan., 1887 in the village…
  3. Photo: Pattu Kunjali - Marakkar IIINearly five centuries zamoriny - the rulers of Calicut (area in the Indian subcontinent) - ensure the safety of trade in the Arabian and Red Seas, was in constant contact with the ports of the Persian Gulf and Africa. However, the…
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