1. Admirals
  2. Photo: Friedrich Wilhelm KANARISAdmiral Kanaris has made a major contribution to the revival of the German Navy after the Versailles peace. But the story he came over as head of German military intelligence - abvera.Friedrich was born Kanaris 1 Jan., 1887 in the village…
  3. Photo: Mikhail Petrovich LAZARA few decades there quietly "Lazarevskaya School seamen, brought up the heroes of Sinop, the first defense of Sevastopol, and the creators of the steam fleet. Thanks to the efforts of MP Lazareva marked fame circumnavigation, discoveries, and fighting, sailing the…
  1. Admirals
  2. Photo: Friedrich Wilhelm KANARISAdmiral Kanaris has made a major contribution to the revival of the German Navy after the Versailles peace. But the story he came over as head of German military intelligence - abvera.Friedrich was born Kanaris 1 Jan., 1887 in the village…
  3. Photo: Mikhail Petrovich LAZARA few decades there quietly "Lazarevskaya School seamen, brought up the heroes of Sinop, the first defense of Sevastopol, and the creators of the steam fleet. Thanks to the efforts of MP Lazareva marked fame circumnavigation, discoveries, and fighting, sailing the…
  4. Photo: Andrew CunninghamCommanding the Mediterranean fleet, nearly three years, Cunningham has successfully fought against the Italian fleet, demonstrating the military and diplomatic power.Admiral Cunningham (1883-1963) in 1939, served as Chief of the Mediterranean fleet, which by the beginning of the Second World War…
  5. Photo: DOUGLAS McArthurAmerican military leaders, General of the Army."The American at all one hundred percent of our" American Caesar "- so named Douglas MacArthur, one of his friends. In the United States very often Caesar, kings, rulers called the people who succeed in…
  6. Photo: DAVID BeattyAdmiral D. Beatty named best British leader of the First World War. There was no naval commanders, who would be more famous in the big sea battles. This well-deserved fame sailor walked all my life.David Beatty Born January 17, 1871 in…
  7. Photo: Francois-Paul Brueys D'AigalliersVice Admiral de Bryues (DBSA) (1753-1798) in Abukirskom battle courage and determination redeemed errors. Only a rearguard inaction led to the defeat, which could easily become a victory.Napoleon had made peace in the Campo-Forma collapse of the first antifrantsuzskoy coalition. Another…

Pattu Kunjali - Marakkar III

Photo - Pattu Kunjali - Marakkar Iii
«Pattu Kunjali -
marakkar Iii»

Nearly five centuries zamoriny - the rulers of Calicut (area in the Indian subcontinent) - ensure the safety of trade in the Arabian and Red Seas, was in constant contact with the ports of the Persian Gulf and Africa. However, the Portuguese came the avant-garde, who intended to found empire and fully master the Indian Ocean, which saw his divine right. Initially, they settled in Cochin on the Malabar coast, and immediately faced the kingdom of Calicut, which was north. The main clash took place at sea.

We know that Ali Marrakare family admirals Calicut, occupies a special position in the state, have almost sovereign rights and transfer rights to the entire fleet and naval forces to be inherited. Society within the community, they comprise a marine base in Ponani good natural harbor south of Calicut. There they built a castle, yard, gun shop. The status of the great admirals was similar to the status of the great dukes in medieval kingdom.

Century in the ongoing wars with the Portuguese launched a family of four wonderful marine managers, whose initiative, courage, nautical art to allow their names to one of the greatest naval world. The most prominent of these is Kundzhali III, who for forty years with the same skill achieved victory for victory, and never had an injury or severe loss. Kundzhali how to write the Portuguese historians, took at least half of their ships for one year, and the rulers of the sea ", it was difficult to maintain their coastal communication.

Kalikutsky Admiral was a model of a knight in his personal life, and his knighthood recognize even the opponents. The identity of the romantic and brave, Kundzhali III entered the Indian maritime history as one of its greatest heroes.

One notable victories Kundzhali occurred in 1569. Responding to the aggressive activities kalikutskogo Navy, Vice-King of Portugal, Duke de Atokvera, brought against him 36 ships under the command of powerful Don Martino de Miranda. Kundzhali followed its usual tactics. He avoided decisive action, but constantly disturbed the enemy. Portuguese admiral was so confused by the the method that took the fight at a disadvantage for a position. The result was a victory Kundzhali. Wounded in battle Miranda died later in Cochin.

Kundzhali is a major organizer, as evidenced by his forty success at sea - despite repeated attempts by Portuguese were unable to prevail over the top.

Once broken down, capture or disperse a fleet of Calicut (which caused a sigh of relief from the Portuguese), as there was another.

Tactics Kundzhali was simple. Ships Calicut, such galiotam were small, light and high-speed. They had two masts with a large slope and a small triangular sail, carried on board pivots guns or small guns, and sometimes traveled to 50 oars. Admiral Calicut learned oppose their heavy and well-armed Portuguese ships. Speed allows Kundzhali shy away from taking action if the weather or the situation were not favorable for him. During the battle, he shared the ships of a hostile battle lines its manoeuvrable ships and taken separately to the board. Admiral liked to attack zashtilevshie clumsy galleon; its galioty on the oars to move with very little wind. Typically, the Portuguese and other Western historians believe the attacks by "sea pirates". But they have not been pirated in the strict sense of the word - kalikuttsy defend its territorial waters against foreign aggressors.

People who served under the command of hereditary admirals were cruel fighters, but the Indian chronicles indicate that the fleet of Calicut had firmly established rules of discipline, obedience and hierarchy of officers, who were highly citizens of their societies. Only in their attacks on merchant ships, using tactics of evasion and izmatyvaniya allowed western authors consider them pirates.

Motility and vigor of action fleet Kundzhali appear. Speed allows him to appear in unexpected places. He could suddenly attack the Portuguese colony on the east coast of India, a few days later to carry out a bold raid against a captured Portuguese Ceylon, and in two days - to attack a large convoy straggler discouraging trial.

Kundzhali III died in 1595, but he made his case. By the beginning of XVII century, Portugal was in the doldrums. Energetic Dutch came to the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic has already shown its sea power Britain. The Indian Empire Portugal beginning to fall into decay and dilapidate. There are many reasons for the failure of the Portuguese in the development of a strong empire in the land of India, but certainly it could be argued that the fight hereditary admirals Calicut, which are one hundred years have undermined the Portuguese maritime dominion, was one of the most important.

 
  1. People and biographies — Admirals
  2. Photo: Friedrich Wilhelm KANARISAdmiral Kanaris has made a major contribution to the revival of the German Navy after the Versailles peace. But the story he came over as head of German military intelligence - abvera.Friedrich was born Kanaris 1 Jan., 1887 in the village…
  3. Photo: Mikhail Petrovich LAZARA few decades there quietly "Lazarevskaya School seamen, brought up the heroes of Sinop, the first defense of Sevastopol, and the creators of the steam fleet. Thanks to the efforts of MP Lazareva marked fame circumnavigation, discoveries, and fighting, sailing the…
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