1. Architects
  2. Founders, leaders of the main directions of neoclassical architecture in the British were the brothers Adam, sons of well-known architect William Adam. The most talented of these was Robert.Architectural work of Robert Adam has been very broad. Together with brothers James,…
  3. Photo: PETER BehrensIn the works of Behrens, who has been most noticeable phenomenon in the architecture of Germany, beginning 1920′s, it is difficult to interlace progressive and reactionary tendencies of his time. Primness velikoprusskogo chauvinism, combined with the worship of human labor, tap…
  1. Architects
  2. Founders, leaders of the main directions of neoclassical architecture in the British were the brothers Adam, sons of well-known architect William Adam. The most talented of these was Robert.Architectural work of Robert Adam has been very broad. Together with brothers James,…
  3. Photo: PETER BehrensIn the works of Behrens, who has been most noticeable phenomenon in the architecture of Germany, beginning 1920′s, it is difficult to interlace progressive and reactionary tendencies of his time. Primness velikoprusskogo chauvinism, combined with the worship of human labor, tap…
  4. Photo: Louis SullivanAmerican architect Louis Henry Sullivan became one of the pioneers of the rationalist architecture of the 20 th century. His work in the theory of architecture is even more significant. Sullivan set himself the ambitious task of utopia: the means of…
  5. Photo: Victor HortaVictor Horta was born in Ghent, January 6, 1861. Year he studied at the Conservatory of Ghent. Then he began to study architecture at the Ghent Academy of Arts. In 1878, he worked in Paris with architect J. Dyubuyssona. In 1880…
  6. Photo: Balthasar NeumannJohann Balthasar Neumann was born in 1687. He grew up in the German part of Bohemia, where he had a good opportunity to get acquainted with the churches in the style of the Italian Baroque. Balthasar came from a bourgeois family…
  7. Photo: James SterlingExploring the "phenomenon of Stirling" and stressing his undoubted artistic identity, and J. Summerson amazed glory of the master, "given that, probably not more than three or four of its implementation of buildings (none of them is not the cathedral and…
  8. Photo: Guarino GuariniIn the Italian architecture Gvarini took particular situation. He managed to make to the overall tone of sober rationality Turin architecture contrasting note. It was during the stay in the capital of the Duchy of Savoy Gvarini has established its main…
  9. Photo: Carlos Raul VILLANUEVA"The architect of two goals: to preserve the values and create new values," - wrote Carlos Raul Villanueva. His career was a sharp rise architecture in Venezuela in the postwar years. Never before has the Venezuelan architecture, perhaps, not to create…
  10. Photo: Leon Battista AlbertiAlberto is rightly called one of the first among the great creators of culture of the Italian Renaissance. His theoretical writings, his artistic practice, his ideas and, finally, its very identity of the humanist played a crucial role in the development…
  11. Photo: PHILIPPE BrunelleschiPerhaps in no other area of the artistic culture of Italy turn to a new understanding has not been to a degree associated with a great master, as in architecture, where the founder of a new direction was Brunelleschi.Filippo Brunelleschi was…
  12. Photo: Christopher WrenProfound changes in the whole cultural situation and, in particular, their artistic tastes in architecture, have been focused in creativity and the personality of Christopher Wren, who by their importance in the era correctly put on a par with the most…
  13. Photo: Giacomo QuarenghiSeptember 20, 1744 by representatives of two well-known Italian families Giacomo Antonio Quarenghi and Maria Ursula Roth was born the second son, named after his father Giacomo Antonio. It happened in a small picturesque village Kapiatone district Roth d′Imanya entering the…
  14. Photo: Ivan Aleksandrovich FominRemarkable designer and builder of practices, an excellent painter, art theorist and teacher IA Fomin, had an enormous influence on the work of many architects. Connected with his name of the architect of a thinker, aspiring to realize the architectural image…
  15. Wordiness and crushed buildings did not conform to neo-emerging in the late XIX century, the quest for compositional integrity and generalized architectural forms. This desire is reflected in the wide dissemination of neoromanskih buildings in many European countries and the United…
  16. Photo: Osip Ivanovich BoveBove has come a long career - from an unknown student Kremlin expedition to the "chief architect" of Moscow. He was a fine artist, capable of simplicity and usefulness of composite solutions combined with the elegance and beauty of architectural forms…

Mikhail Vasilievich Posokhin

Photo - Mikhail Vasilievich Posokhin
«Mikhail Vasilievich Posokhin»

Posokhin rightly be counted among those masters who paved the path of development of domestic architecture. He happily formed a creative life, and most of his ideas realized. The architect had a sixth sense - he could smell that is coming tomorrow, and therefore always "hit the point." This property is inherent to the grand master.

Mikhail Posokhin was born December 13, 1910 in the city of Tomsk. He began his career immediately after graduating from high school and became a worker at the largest Siberian construction of those years - the construction of the Kuznetsk Metallurgical Combine. Ibid, job training, Posokhin graduated from the school complex and received a diploma civil engineer. But since childhood he had a clear vocation for art. As a teenager, on his own initiative, visited the studio painting at one time worked as a designer in the theater, and even when he was working his way home after a hard day′s work, he managed to draw a regular basis, consistently improving his skills. From a young age Posokhin interested in architecture. This is the most synthetic of the arts is most suited to his natural inclinations. He felt that it was in it would be able to more fully realize himself as an artist and use the existing experience of the builder. The first steps in the architecture Posokhin doing in the project department of the Kuznetsk. In 1932, even without special education, he first performs competitive work - a project of the monument metallurgist Kurako, and gets him first prize.

In 1935 Posokhin moved to Moscow. Obscure Siberian Academy Schusev took to his workshop - a nose for talent from the old master was outstanding, such as "absolute pitch" for musicians. It took place transformed into a creative friendship acquaintance with A. Mndoyants to untimely death in 1966, which all work carried out jointly.

In 1938 he graduated from an external Posokhin Moscow Architectural Institute. The successful combination of engineering and architectural education, as well as possible corresponding to the characteristic of Posokhin fusion of artistic and constructive elements in the architecture, as well as practical experience helped him become a full-fledged architect, able not only to address comprehensively the creative tasks, but also creating new ways of development of architecture.

In the prewar years, an impact that his success in competitions for projects Theater in Komsomolsk and terminal in Moscow. This was followed by work to disguise the capital and participation in contests of the war years. In one of them, in 1942, the memorial structure was first proposed to create in the form of the mound with a crowning sculpture - the motive, then repeatedly played up by various authors. In fact, Posokhin demonstrated a special ability to offer a promising idea, theme, approach. By 1943 is the first independent building, more precisely, the restructuring of the administrative building on Frunze Street. Space Arbat Square, which is perceived from the perspective of the building, set the scaling. Several heavyweight and stretched, but designed for rakursnoe perception of the portico, the active plastic high relieves who performed the then young N. Tomsk, and as a contrasting background to all this deliberately sparing plane walls - the main features of this first incarnation of the composition.

In 1946 Posokhin already led one of the architectural schools of the Moscow Soviet.

Photo - Mikhail Vasilievich Posokhin
«Mikhail Vasilievich Posokhin»

In 1948 he was one of the sponsors of the draft of the first high-rise buildings of the capital. Performed by him with Mndoyants competitive project high-rise apartment building in the square Rebellion awarded the USSR State Prize.

It successfully combined and urban value, and energetic arrangement of the masses, are increasingly seeking upward, and a strong plastic forms, enriched with sculpture and N. M. Anikushina Nikogosian. Organically alloyed transformed traditional motifs deck constructions, tense shapes and silhouettes with the general spirit of triumphant post-war architecture, distinct trends art deco - an unusual, extraordinary high-rise building.

Following the high-altitude home Posokhin build several more buildings in the central part of the city. The largest among them - an office building on Sadovaya Street. Unusual reception of his productions. It is drawn to the backbone is not the main facade, and the shorter side. Due to this central entrance to the formation of deep space - "niche". Square Square creates an architectural accent, a kind of pause, a very pertinent in the solid front building of the Garden Ring.

There comes a time of industrialization in the Soviet architecture. Posokhin drafting a quarter of four-panel frame houses on Khoroshevskoye highway. In essence, this was the first in our architectural and construction practice attempt complex building Panel building. The next stage of creative search in this direction - the erection of six ten-frame prefabricated houses on the street Kuusinen. These first high-rise buildings made of precast concrete for the time were innovative and were a landmark in the development of industrial housing.

Many of the works were Posokhin certain milestones in the development of Soviet architecture. In this regard, above all, to name the most significant social structure of the country - the Kremlin Palace of Congresses. In the draft of the Palace in 1959, held a closed competition. The result was the adoption of the draft, developed under the leadership Posokhin. Among his other sponsors, he was awarded the Lenin Prize.

In 1960 Posokhin become the main architect of Moscow, and soon both the chief of the Main Architecture of the planning department of the town. When once asked Mikhail Vasilyevich, which consists of his working day, he could not give an exhaustive answer. He was supposed to cover everything - from local issues to the complex problems of development capital.

However, even in moments of greatest tension in the work on decision-making positions, Posokhin not break with architectural design. Especially productive steel Posokhin 1960-1970 ies. Typical for his creative activity is manifested in this period with great force. In early 1960 ies he took such a unique work, like building Kalinin Prospekt and resort Pitsunda. Both were innovative for its time.

Construction Prospect - the first post-war transformation of the vast area within the Garden Ring. It marked the transition to a fundamentally new phase of reconstruction of the capital - the formation of large ensembles of the main areas of the city center, giving rise to the creation of the development of polycentric urban system.

An important link in the ensemble Kalinin Prospekt entered the complex of buildings CMEA. He demonstrated the expressive possibilities of architecture repeated elements of glass and steel: elastic deployed to meet Kutuzovsky Avenue high-rise wings of the vertical hull in front of him creating acute angles of perception sharply curved ramp, on the right as if escaping from a total neutral podium obliquely cut cylinder of a conference room with an unexpected treatment of walls ; left - building hotels, counterbalancing the overall composition of the complex tense.

Prospekt Kalinina once called "false teeth" of old Moscow, Posokhin - destroyer Priarbatya.

Photo - Mikhail Vasilievich Posokhin
«Mikhail Vasilievich Posokhin»

But everything has placed on their seats time. Yes, the architecture of old, remains a sign of his period, but the prospect today - an organic part of the capital′s center, already firmly "habitable" Muscovites visiting.

Resort Picunda is the first domestic experience of one-time construction of a vast resort, conceived as a holistic architectural organism. Bright, memorable character and backbone, and the spa reflects the characteristic Posokhin striving for ultimate sharpness volumetric spatial constructions, the ability to find simple, clear schemes for solving complex architectural issues.

Posokhin erect buildings and abroad. Worldwide attention attracted the USSR pavilion at Expo 67 in Montreal and Expo 70 in Osaka. The pavilion at Expo 70 in Osaka, of course, discernible trends late Corbusier, but, nevertheless, the concept and its development is quite distinct. It reached the highest degree of expression, available forms of a new architecture - not just an abstract symbol, but the visible image of reared and waving the Red flag hovered over the International Exhibition. Posokhin also designs complex buildings of the Soviet Embassy in Brazil and the United States.

In 1960-1970 years creative baggage master replenished several projects of major public facilities. Among them are projects of the Institute of Technical Aesthetics, the House of knowledge House of Peace and Friendship, Information and Commercial Center Minpribor and others.

During this period Posokhin still pays great attention to competitions. He participates in competitions for projects panorama "Borodino battle", a monument in honor of the launch of Sputnik, the USSR pavilion at the International Exhibition of 1964 in New York City, the town hall in Amsterdam, Center for Contemporary Art in Paris, the Central Museum VI Lenin in Moscow.

In 1978 Posokhin elected an Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Architects.

As the chief architect of the city Mikhail much effort put into the overall preparation of the capital for the Olympics 80. He himself was directly involved in creating the most significant Olympic site - a grand sports complex in the area of Prospect Mira.

Wanted what some special words to express admiration for the main arena. With long distances conquers frontal sharpness of composite construction, a special harmony, even some sort of a musicality of its architectural resolution. As we move increasingly beginning to work angles, the effects of roundness, promising to reduce upward and sideways, that the direct approach - because the actual physical dimensions of the grand - get what you truly dramatic effect turns and collisions of large and finely developed forms, vertical and horizontal motives.

The most striking examples of classical line Posokhin last period - it projects the Soviet Embassy in Madrid and the Academy of Arts of the USSR in Moscow.

The project for Madrid, with its loosely interpreted and at the same time, obviously going back to classic archetypes architecture, with its overall design of the composition and precise proportions, "faceted" surface of the walls and detailing, which is associated with many traditional motifs - from a warrant-bearing to a buried "castle rock" over the graceful arches of rectangular niches - all this architecture, deliberately simplified and, nevertheless, unmistakable in its classic first principle.

A new step forward Posokhin managed to do in the draft set of the Academy of Social Sciences (1972-1988).

This is really a step forward in the development on the basis of the new features of the new architecture. The composition is built on a sharp, contrasting with focus combined sprawled on a huge four-square and square in terms of areas of educational purpose, and placed her different storeyed bush pointed upward aspiration corps graduate dormitories - linked to form a cross in the plan and, as it were crashed into each other parallelepipeds. The architecture of the complex stress lives, as if even moving. All this literally trembling vertikalizm, strains as high care and how to dissolve in the air at weddings volumes unexpectedly resonates with the motives of high-rise homes in the area of Rebellion.

Mikhail Posokhin keen to drawing and painting. Well owning a variety of graphical tools, he created a gallery of interesting drawings and watercolors. This outline of the travel albums, always accompanied him on trips around the country and abroad. A steady, rapid strokes, they convey an impression of what is seen alive and convincingly recreate the unique look of the old Russian cities, national monuments and world architecture.

There is a clear link between creativity Posokhin - an architect and artist. In an effort to clearly convey to the viewer the ideological meaning of his works, he often turned to the synthesis of architecture and fine arts. At the same time because of the emotional effect of these arts he has seen no increase in number of elements, and in the admission of the inclusion of these elements in a composition, in their interaction with the overall architectural design.

A logical extension of creativity Posokhin was teaching activities and performances in the press. For several years he led the architectural design at the Moscow Architectural Institute.

Working on the next architectural theme Posokhin sought to theoretically understand the associated problems, to compile its specific experience and acquaint them with the general public. This ongoing critical analysis is made an integral part of his creative method. Generalizing work, in which the artist more fully explains his creative credo is the book "City for man." The underlying theme in the book is the idea of the multifaceted concept of architecture, that is not "art, to a greater degree of success integrating many branches of knowledge than architecture."

Mikhail Posokhin died on January 22, 1989.

 
  1. People and biographies — Architects
  2. Founders, leaders of the main directions of neoclassical architecture in the British were the brothers Adam, sons of well-known architect William Adam. The most talented of these was Robert.Architectural work of Robert Adam has been very broad. Together with brothers James,…
  3. Photo: PETER BehrensIn the works of Behrens, who has been most noticeable phenomenon in the architecture of Germany, beginning 1920′s, it is difficult to interlace progressive and reactionary tendencies of his time. Primness velikoprusskogo chauvinism, combined with the worship of human labor, tap…
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