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Astrid Lindgren

Photo - Astrid Lindgren
«Astrid Lindgren»

Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002) swedish writer. Author of novels for children, "Pippi Longstocking - Long Stocking" (1945-1952), "The Kid and Carlson, who lives on the Roof" (1955-1968), "Rasmus-bum" (1956), "The Brothers Lionheart" (1979), "Ronia, the Robber′s Daughter" (1981), etc.

Remember how the story begins on The Kid and Carlson, who lives on the roof? "In the city of Stockholm for the most ordinary street, in a very ordinary house lives an ordinary Swedish family ..." Perhaps you think that the house was a fabrication, that the famous roof, where he settled fabulous naughty, just imagination ... Oh, no! All those who live in a little fantasy world: adults and especially children - with enthusiasm dies down at the house number 46 on the street Dalagatan where the door is nailed to the plate "Karlsson on the Roof". Here, from 1941 on the second floor apartment housed a better storyteller world of Astrid Lindgren. A storyteller, on all our childish notions, and must be old, nesuetlivym, nowhere a man rushes. Death because, probably, and spares "Mama Carlson", that live in a world where there are real storytellers, warmer and cozier.

Perhaps the fate of Astrid and do not always turn around to the side of a wonderful writer, but Lindgren has always believed that "childhood is not age, but a state of mind." Man shaped his life: changing attitudes, habits, principles, and only childhood remains unchanged constant throughout our journey, and each carries its own destiny as a cross or as a bright, cheerful flashlight.

It could be a respectable Swedish peasant, since her childhood, she went to the edge, which is still called "grim".

Photo - Astrid Lindgren
«Astrid Lindgren»

Her father, Samuel August Ericsson was not a wealthy man, he rented a piece of land from the local priest, and worked on it until a sweat. Perhaps family Astrid today is moved by the people who lived by simple patriarchal values. They worked in the field, tending cattle, and in his free time, hard work walking through picturesque, though harsh and coniferous forests, SmГҐland (the so-called area, where she spent childhood Lindgren), sitting for long periods on a bluish moss-covered boulders, and when he had just been chilly and storm doors to carry the hamlet′s houses, telling each other fairy stories. Anyway, today memories Lindgren paint just such a popular prints. Mother and father loved each other nine years, and so tenderly to each other all long life. On such love today do not fairy-tale world and can not speak: it is melted, along with candles in the quiet winter evenings far.

Anyway, one thing seems to us, pragmatics, is undoubtedly true - in the family Eriksson prevailed comfort, understanding and good relations to the household. Astrid grew up, probably, a saucy girl, not like his bumpkin brothers. They often drop in a peasant homestead tramps and asked to sleep in the cattle yard or barn. In their unusual, disorderly appearance of the girl imagining something fantastic, and Astrid is not too restrained myself fantasizing regardless of the consequences - good for the future novelist small audience has always been plenty - the brothers and sisters Ericsson gratefully listened to the narrator.

And the school Astrid striking teachers their bright compositions.

Photo - Astrid Lindgren
«Astrid Lindgren»

She read a lot and randomly, and so frightened when she prophesied the glory of the famous Swedish writer Selma Lagerlöf. On the one hand, it would be nice to measure the glory of a celebrity, on the other - very much like to taste the many pleasures of life, and remain bookworm, writer, Astrid seemed quite boring prospect.

The beginning of adult life was marked for Astrid big scandal. She became pregnant, but still refused to marry the father of the unborn child. And if the first event only slightly shocked the quiet Swedish provincials, that self-sinner shocked to the depths of their souls. Such manners SmГҐland - birthplace of the famous Swedish matches - had never seen. In the spirit of Astrid the power, of course, can not be denied, but it is unknown how turned to her fate - do not help his darling parents. They sent Astrid in Stockholm, away from gossip, and I must say, my daughter did not let down. Initially, she got a job working in the secretary′s office, then went to Copenhagen, where he was born the son of Lars. Life in the big world was not easy. A young mother was forced to give the baby nurse, but she stayed in the hostel. My heart was torn apart by the separation from her son, but Astrid stood, and soon quite happily married to his boss Sture Lindgren, a prosperous businessman. Husband, if I may say so, was a common type of "new Swedes". He worked a lot: no joke, was promoted to director of sales Vseshvedskogo automobile association, provided the family famously "laid by the collar" and provided his wife "happy to" sit in the evening alone, showing itself as an exemplary wife and a doting mother.

Photo - Astrid Lindgren
«Astrid Lindgren»

In an interview with Astrid said that after the death Sture in 1952 she never had a wish for the second time to marry.

The existence of Astrid resembled the lives of many, many women around the world, the non-poor who are burdened children and are not tied up her husband′s fidelity. But Astrid would not have been Astrid, if not once visited her great idea. About the beginning of his writing, she likes to tell - and how! - In this story is where the swing as it ironical talent. When daughter Karin was seven years old, she fell seriously ill and in bed for several months. Every evening the girl asked her mother something to tell her. "Once, when I do not know what to narrate, she made the order - of Pippi Longstocking - Long stockings. I did not ask who it was, and began to tell the incredible stories that are consistent with the strange girl′s name. Of course, Astrid, and do not even think that these "medical" stories turn into a book. But ... a fairy tale because it always does something wonderful, even if initially it is, wonderful, and it seems sad. "One evening in March 1944, I had to visit one of my friend. It was snowing, the streets were slippery, I fell and broke her leg. For some time I had to lie down in bed. Take up was nothing more, and I started to take shorthand notes of his stories about Pippi Longstocking, deciding to present the manuscript as a gift my daughter when she was in May for ten years ... "

Favorite joke Lindgren concludes this uncomplicated story, I am used to say that as a writer I was "the product of a whim of nature."

How and why Astrid still decided to send work to the publisher - this history is silent.

Photo - Astrid Lindgren
«Astrid Lindgren»

We only know that a short covering letter she finished the words. "I hope you did not raise alarm in the office for the protection of children ..." The manuscript scribes returned unanswered with lightning speed. But Astrid is not so easy to turn away from the intended path. Publishing house "Raben about Sjogren" first printed the story of Pippi Longstocking. Moreover, the manuscript Lindgren recognized as the best held at the time the contest of children′s products. And now more than fifty years, the heroine of Lindgren lives in 20 countries, delighting kids of their incongruity, strength and kindness.

The popularity of his tales of Astrid explains the ability to listen to yourself. She claims that he never writes, relying on the children. "If you want to know, I do not think about them when I write. I think only about myself and my heroes. I am writing these books, which would be like children, as if I had just had a baby.

The ability to be responsive to the world distinguishes the character Astrid. Well, someone comes into my head to settle on the roof of a character who makes an ordinary girl to raise the horse? But this is not the only fruit of her exuberant imagination, striking Astrid her ability to listen and hear children.

The idea of "Karlsson on the Roof" also prompted daughter. But children who are not "throwing" brilliant ideas? Only Astrid drew attention to a funny story about Karin is that when a girl is left alone to her room through the window flies a little gay man, who hides behind a picture, if you are adults.

Photo - Astrid Lindgren
«Astrid Lindgren»

"It appeared Carlson - beautiful, intelligent and moderately well-fed man in the prime of life. But then his name Lilem Kvarsten. In a small story for the Swedish Radio he already called Carlson, and he was a very positive little man, a good friend of this kid. He was an amazing man. But when I started writing a book about him, somehow he did not want to be a model and become a little fat, horrible creature, but with a propeller.

But we should not think that writing stories pure pleasure, like for example fragrant raspberry tea with a cold. Astrid is working on his compositions long and carefully shift with every line. "Since my secretaryship well I know how to write shorthand, and this has had an immeasurable help to me in my writing. Therefore, I write quickly, but then again and again processed each sentence until it becomes the way I want to see him. All of this processing, I yet in the transcript. And each chapter I discuss with myself until I feel that it is completely ready. Then I sit down at a typewriter and way too fast reprint all out of hand, without changing anything. "

Lindgren has created a fundamentally new type of fairy tale. Her stories have nothing in common with the mystical, they come among us with you in the most ordinary life, in the middle of broad daylight, a few steps away from the usual city life, but only to tell these stories with such kindness, entertaining, humorous, that they want to re-read even for adults.

Today, Lindgren is one of the most famous women in Sweden. Her books translated into almost 30 languages and never stale on the shelves.

It is the winner of many awards. And she still loves children and believes that the most beautiful thing in her life so fast flying - children. Unfortunately, her firstborn, Lars, had died. But a daughter, seven grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Until very recently, Astrid collecting his large family and traveled with him abroad, until recently, she played with the children and together they concocted the story, but "old age - a disgusting thing" - she said once. Lindgren still tries to maintain an active lifestyle: answers to numerous correspondents who met with journalists and even wrote articles on humanitarian themes, but the tales are no longer born, the book - her closest friends - she now can not read: almost completely lost her eyesight. And from Stockholm, she no longer travels.

Yet the story of Lindgren would like to end on a positive note, because this woman has lived a happy life, was able to establish themselves as a person born and brought up children and gave the world culture, a new children′s book, which, thanks to Astrid has "grown" since it shall be credited to people of any age.

P.S. Astrid Lindgren passed away January 28, 2002.

 
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  3. Photo: Queen VictoriaQueen of Great Britain since 1837, the last of the Hanover dynasty. It is hard to find in the history of the ruler, who would have stayed in power longer than Alexandrina Victoria (her first name was given in honor of…
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