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Camille Claudel

Photo - Camille Claudel
«Camille Claudel»

Camille Claudel was born in 1864 in a simple family in a conservative parents: the father of a real estate agent, and his mother a housewife. Комилла was the eldest child in the family, she had a younger brother Paul.

Parents belonged to the daughter and the son without ambitions to their future profession. The parents did not notice that she is already at a young age with a passion began to sculpt in clay figures of animals. The hobby of Camilla, modeling from clay, for the mother was only for constant washing clothes daughter, and his brother adoration and example.

Who would have known that after the time of Paul Claudel will be not less famous man than his sister. His talent was manifest in poetry and drama, Paul Claudel lifetime will become a famous writer and academician.

Photo - Camille Claudel
«Camille Claudel»

Through decades of the name - Paul Claudel be included into the list of the French classics.

Paul Claudel was always enthusiastic views about his sister Camilla:

"Fine forehead above the eyes of the marvelous dark-blue color, which is often found in novels and so rarely in life, big, sensual, but also very proud of his mouth, a thick mop of brown hair falling to the very back. Kind, impressive boldness, directness , superiority and cheerful "

On his восемьнадцатилетие she went to Paris to join the School of fine arts, but the poor girl did not take the training. However, the work of Camille drew the attention of the Alfred Boucher, who was the head of the famous salon of sculpture.

Alfred Boucher saw in the young Camilla talent sculpture and introduced her personally with the Director of the School of fine arts.

Photo - Camille Claudel
«Camille Claudel»

Paul Dubois examining the sculptures made by Camilla was very surprised and said famous phrase:

"Your trust took lessons with Mr. Rodin."

Arman Дейо, a writer and an admirer of the arts, seeing the work of a young Camille Claudel wrote:

"I was very surprised if Mademoiselle Claudel not only takes one day, suddenly, its place among the greatest sculptors of the age."

Spoken words Dubois were almost prophetic: later time Claudel and the great Rodin have to communicate, their communication is often passed on the high tones because of the differences in artistic matters. Roden met Camille Claudel the sculpture courses for women, which organized the Alfred Boucher. Roden, as a true artist, was a connoisseur of young girls and noticed a young beauty Camilla among the rest of the students.

Roden was so fascinated by Camille Claudel, she drew her beauty and intelligence, which hired her his assistant in the Studio.

Photo - Camille Claudel
«Camille Claudel»

And after a while, she became a Muse and model of the famous sculpture.

She became an apprentice of the great Rodin ceased to develop, as an independent sculptor. All of her work were compared with her teacher: the song "Oblivion" - critics saw the famous "Kiss" by Rodin, the song "Waltz" critics again saw the роденовские features, on the song "Клото" have already begun with venomous comments copy of Rodin's style.

Camilla, always passionate and confident, for a long time could not be with Rodin, because of its high self-esteem is not allowed to be constantly in the background. After another sharp criticism that it copies the master said:

"His works I draw only from itself, suffering more abundant than the lack of ideas. Mr. Roden, blamed others for imitation, it would be better not published his "Spirit of War", entirely copied from Rude"

Creative nature of Camilla struggled with Rodin, but as a woman she loved Rodin passionately, madly.

Photo - Camille Claudel
«Camille Claudel»

She jumped from one extreme to the other, in the end, the creative nature of Camilla won after the life of the scandal. In spite of the fact that the Rodin lived in the same house with Camilla, he continued to communicate with former mistress - Rose Pregnant.

Roden repeatedly tried to explain to her that rose Bere his only friend and his artistic critic, but she could not stop him jealous. Camille Claudel was by nature very demanding and longed to his constant attention and could not succumb to the opponent. One day, she said Rodin, that he should choose one of them once and for all. Roden was in растеренности from this condition, but return it to not try. The great sculptor understood, that near with him another talented sculptor didn't get along together.

Camilla after the break in relations with Rodin began frantically to work, pain of separation from loved ones were manifested in the works, which struck by his skill.

Photo - Camille Claudel
«Camille Claudel»

In 1895, the first version of the image of a "Mature age", where young girl on her knees trying to keep your beloved's hand. Three years later, she changed the image, where the hands of lovers is already open, so she finally defines the parting with Rodin.

The French government announced a possible acquisition of the image of "adulthood", created by Camille Claudel, but former lover Roden open prevented the conclusion of the transaction. Camilla hardly earned on life and the constant lack of money does not facilitate the lives of talented Camilla. Roden not shown mercy and understanding, even when Camilla barred the bailiff of the rented her apartment because of delays in payment.

Not adapted to life Camille Claudel was wandering in search and fell into a severe depression.

Photo - Camille Claudel
«Camille Claudel»

She wandered around the night under the Windows of the house Rodin and screaming curses with threats to address of the tenant. Finding a cheap apartment and settled in it, and it became finally a recluse, day practically did not leave because of fear of light in the night and in the darkness of the moulded stirring the sculptures from clay. In one of these nights appeared composition "For conversation", where the two girls in the bath discuss personal problems.

Take Paul, who loved his sister, who has made the start to a successful career as a writer in every way helped beloved sister. on March 10, 1913, in an apartment where the living spent time Camilla, the arrival of the carriage, and nurses at the hands of the carried Camille Claudel. She did not resist and was willing to put her in a psychiatric clinic of the Paris suburb of Ville-Evrard.

Soon the family moved to a clinic Camilla Mondeverg city in the south of France, where she lived for almost 30 years.

Photo - Camille Claudel
«Camille Claudel»

Camille Claudel was how mentally ill is not known, but a relative of the famous - the brother of Paul Claudel, chose to hide the crazy cousin away.

Camille Claudel in all his agony vinyl Rodin, she wrote in his letters to his relatives:

"I can't stand the screams of these creatures! God, how I want to be back in his native Villeneuve! Not for the same so I worked hard to finish a life under the broad number in the madhouse! I deserved better..."
"The other day, poor лицейскую a teacher, too caught up here, was found dead in bed - she died from the cold. It is impossible to imagine how cold in Мондеверге. And it lasts for seven months of the year... "
"If I can again to return to normal life, my happiness would be too great, to dare anything you disobey.

Photo - Camille Claudel
«Camille Claudel»

I so much sufferings, that wouldn't attempt to move excess do. You write that for me someone has to take care of. But I have never had the nurses..."

Camille Claudel died in 1943 did not find his glory, however, recognition of and interest in its work the company has caught up with decades later - the triumph of justice, as predicted Arman Дейо.

In 1984, an exhibition of works of Camille Claudel in the building right across the Rodin Museum. Huge waiting list to get tickets lined the streets Varennes became a symbol of recognition of the sculptor Camille Claudel.

 
  1. People and biographies — Women
  2. Photo: Coco ChanelCoco Chanel - she freed a woman from the XX century corsets and created a new silhouette freeing her body. Fashion designer Coco Chanel revolutionized the shape of a woman, she became an innovator and trendsetter, her ideas contrary to the…
  3. Photo: Astrid LindgrenAstrid Lindgren (1907-2002) swedish writer. Author of novels for children, "Pippi Longstocking - Long Stocking" (1945-1952), "The Kid and Carlson, who lives on the Roof" (1955-1968), "Rasmus-bum" (1956), "The Brothers Lionheart" (1979), "Ronia, the Robber′s Daughter" (1981), etc. Remember how the…
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