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Golda Meir

Golda Meir, Prime Minister of Israel from 1969 to 1974.

Her name is pronounced with great respect by every Jew, when he remembers about Golda Meir, because Jewish women participated in the creation of the Jewish state. Meir fought for restoration of the Jewish state, which was destroyed in ancient times, the Jewish people could return to live in their homeland.

Golda Meir's childhood took place in the royal capital of Ukraine, during the constant strikes and revolutions in the eve of the Russian Empire. After setting off the Black Hundreds and the pogroms of Jewish homes in Kiev, her parents emigrated to the U.S. and settled in the Jewish quarter of the city of Milwaukee. The family was living in a house with two bedrooms, a separate kitchen and a large summer terrace, Gold seemed small compared to the Kiev dorm room, they began to live better.

Golda Meir was to go to an English school, and quickly mastered the language, her school performance was at a high level, she visited with interest circles and extra classes. Golda's mother to tell her all of this:

"Do not be too clever.

Golda Meir -  Golda Meir
« Golda Meir »

Men do not like smart girls."

Because parents Golda wanted as many Jewish families of those years that their daughter was a good wife and hostess. At fifteen, her parents had chosen for Golda's fiance, but the young girl had already had their own opinion on the choice of a husband and character to shine. Gold's run away from home to Denver to Shane's older sister. After a time, she met Morris Meyerson, a smart Jewish boy, who already as a young boy, very well versed in literature and poetry. Golda attracted youth, they began to communicate with a lot of Jews, who often talked about the revival of the Jewish state. In 1917, Golda Meyerson and married.

After the constant talk about returning to their historical homeland, Golda Maurice and her sister, Shane, and with his girlfriend in 1921 went to Palestine. Crossing the ocean was a nightmare: the steamer moved eating, poor food and fresh water, mixed with sea water. On board the ship were always drunk fights sailors, upon arrival to the shores of Italy found that the ship's captain is dead.

Once in Palestine, they all four went to Tel Aviv to join Kubica (similar to a collective farm in the USSR).

 Gold in youth
« Gold in youth »

Golda did not want to take Kubica, because of her poor health, but she insisted on joining. After a year of hard work Golda sick so strong that she and her husband moved out of Jerusalem.

Golda was a secretary of a trade union women's council, where she began her political activities. During his time in the union had a son Menachem Gold and daughter Sarah. Live in Jerusalem had hard they remain in poverty, and regular skirmish with Arabs reminded her of her childhood in Russia.

Having U.S. citizenship Golda returned to the U.S. to raise money from the rich Jews in the revival of the Zionist state. After touring several states Golda collected about $100 in just one city at once, she was awarded a decent amount. Her questions about the causes of such generosity, she got an unexpected answer for themselves:

"We were playing cards and all the losses piled up in favor of Palestine."

Moral character would be greatly angered by Golda in childhood, but as an adult, she came to believe that gambling can benefit people.

The first political victory Golda Meir was when, on the outbreak of the Second World War, and the threat to the Jewish people became apparent, there was a strong need for the immigration of Jews from countries supporting Nazi Germany.

 Portrait of Golda
« Portrait of Golda »

Jewish refugee camp in Cyprus were in danger, but British troops were afraid to come into the encounters, so they refused to help evacuate refugees. Then Golda Meir made to organized Jewish ships for export to Palestine refugees.

After that, Golda Meir became the most famous woman in the Jewish society of Palestine and was one of those who signed the declaration of independence of the Jewish state. Golda Meir understood that by signing this document and the care of British troops from Palestine to start a war with the Arabs. Neighboring Arab states will certainly try to take over the territory of Israel, where he lived no more than 500,000 Jews.

Therefore, before Golda Meir once again went to the U.S. to raise money from loyal Jews for the war with the Arabs. Daily meetings, every day a new U.S. city, exhausting Gold. She talked about the new state of Israel before providing Jews who provided generous donations, eventually Meir returned to Israel with 150 million dollars.

The most important thing for the new state of Israel - is its recognition of the two superpowers: the Soviet Union and the U.S., announced the creation of the Israeli embassy missions in their countries.

Golda Meir -  Golda Meir to receive U.S. President
« Golda Meir to receive U.S. President»

Israel's first ambassador to the USSR was Golda Meir, who appointed because of her Russian past. Elga Shapiro, a personal secretary to the ambassador, recalled for Golda Meir, the need to take care of winter clothes, because in Russia there are very cold winters.

Diplomatic Mission of Israel settled in the hotel "Metropol", a large community, but Moscow's prices were high, to contain all the allocated budget was not enough. Then Golda Meir, to reduce the costs of its diplomatic mission, decides to exclude food in the hotel restaurant. She and her subordinates have purchased hot plates, dishes, and began to prepare food for themselves. Weekly Israeli ambassador personally went shopping for their embassy, and on Saturdays Gold and colleagues prepared a big breakfast for everyone.

In Moscow, Golda Meir, the new Ambassador of the State of Israel, presented the letter of the state at the official reception. At that reception attended Polites Molotov, who was Jewish, she remembered Yiddish, which spent most of a reception with Golda.

On this evening was a writer Ehrenburg, who by the end of the celebration was not quite sober and began aggressively communicate with Golda Meir.

Their conversation was in English, almost high-pitched, a writer accused Golda, she quickly forgot their native language of childhood and his people are contemptuous. Golda Meir said politically exactly what the Jews did not regret knowing their mother tongue. Ehrenburg was born in a Jewish family.

After the ambassador, Golda Meir was the Minister of Labour, and in 1969 became head of the state of Israel. For all his political activities, Golda Meir was associated as the wisest official in Israel.

 
  1. People and biographies — Women
  2. Photo: Coco ChanelCoco Chanel - she freed a woman from the XX century corsets and created a new silhouette freeing her body. Fashion designer Coco Chanel revolutionized the shape of a woman, she became an innovator and trendsetter, her ideas contrary to the…
  3. Photo: Astrid LindgrenAstrid Lindgren (1907-2002) swedish writer. Author of novels for children, "Pippi Longstocking - Long Stocking" (1945-1952), "The Kid and Carlson, who lives on the Roof" (1955-1968), "Rasmus-bum" (1956), "The Brothers Lionheart" (1979), "Ronia, the Robber′s Daughter" (1981), etc. Remember how the…
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