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Montserrat Caballe

Photo - Montserrat Caballe
«Montserrat Caballe»

Spanish singer, soprano. Serves in many theaters around the world. Became famous in the part of Norma (Norma Bellini). Master of bel canto.

At the end of XX century, it is safe to finally share the laurels of the century, to place all the places, in short, to distribute all of the Sisters in earrings. " The pedestal of the great opera divas, in any case have already been identified without doubt - Maria Callas, Renata Tebaldi and Montserrat Caballe. One reviewer wrote that if Callas was given the epithet "divine" and Tebaldi was awarded the unofficial title of "amazing" that Caballe is worthy would be the title of "Outstanding."

Indeed, hardly any of the new divas able to beat the millennium Montserrat on an extensive repertoire, the number of representations of unique voice and exceptional musicality that allows the singer to make every breath a soft clean note. And Montserrat unusually prosperous, happy and cheerful woman. During her name does not carry the train of scandals and sensationalism, and of its solid shape downright blows kindness, confidence and composure. Hardly anyone from artists of our century will bypass Caballe and in the fullness of happiness and pleasure in the cloudless existence.

It is hard to say who have tried more rewarding Montserrat happy fate - "God's finger or her own mild, but the singer believes in the" miracle "that had once given her, invisible girl from Barcelona," ethereal "voice. 30-ies of XX century in Europe heralded, however, especially the bright, peaceful, well-fed future, so you can understand Ann Caballe, who secured the patronage of the sky, dedicating her daughter the Virgin Mary and named it after the Holy Virgin Maria de Montserrat. The fact that Montserrat - the name of the local Catalan mountains, and the girl got such a resounding name just like in the Middle Ages or the Renaissance, artists were called - by place of birth. However, choosing a path to the stage and decided, perhaps not to blaspheme, the singer is totally "dedicated" a hill, leaving the exotic name of one word.

Family Caballe barely cope with the need, the case in high school, Montserrat were unimportant. "Kids did not like me because I was silent and all dichilas. Come to class is always in the same dress." Kids are cruel - they laughed at me, I was deeply hurt ... " To make matters worse, after the birth of his son head of the family fell ill. But then, as happens in the beautiful stories in the struggle with despair mother joined Montserrat. She, despite her "pink" age, comforted Anne: "Hold on, one day I'll be famous, then we will have it all!" And you can see, it came out!

The first impression of the opera Montserrat remembered for a lifetime. Seven-year-old girl was so shocked by the death of Madame Butterfly that cried all the way back from the theater, and then went and learned the heroine's aria, listening to old records with someone else's account.

Photo - Montserrat Caballe
«Montserrat Caballe»

At Christmas 1940 she sang the aria in front of his parents as a gift. So that my mother had reason to believe completely in the bright prospects daughter.

However, during wartime, the endless domestic ordeals led Montserrat, almost like Carmen, worker in a factory, where the future diva dress handkerchiefs. And, perhaps, in this simple enough lesson, she would have reached "the degree of knowledge, delighting local residents on holidays execution habanera, but found the Spanish wife of Bertrand, who were eager to help to some young talent. To decide whether an unknown benefactor to the girl, the couple was invited to audition Montserrat twelve men, versed in music and vocal arts. In the Commission even attended the "stars" of that time - two opera singers and renowned pianist. Montserrat boldly sang a few arias and Spanish folk songs. The opinion of those present was unanimous: the young talent needed to urgently provide appropriate education. So Caballe in the famous Barcelona Conservatory "Liceo" where the teacher Eugenio Kemmeni so managed to put the young singer's voice that he has been more than forty years, retains remarkable purity and virtue.

Eugenio was a unique type of teacher and great person - there Caballe again lucky enough. Hungarian by birth, a former swimming champion, singer, Kemmeni developed its own respiration system staging, which was the basis for strengthening the muscles of the torso and the diaphragm. Essentially speaking, Eugenio gave a charming voice student of the tool that Montserrat has uncovered caches of all the operatic vocals. Every day, the great singer still starts with breathing exercises on the system Kemmeni.

Studies at the conservatory not only freed the young singer from financial worries (its benefactors took all the maintenance costs of Montserrat itself), but also brought wealth to her family. It seems a little self-fulfilling prophecy Caballe. Philanthropists pohlopotali Education brother Carlos, and found work for her father. All these wonders have been, if the singer's career will in future be paid for the annual concert of Montserrat in Gran Teatro del Licheo owned by its benefactors.

After graduating from the conservatory, Caballe has decided to continue their education in Germany, but her cheerful, loving nature draws German rationality seemed too gray, and she began to think that it was time to finally begin to storm the opera Mecca - theaters in Italy. However, twenty-three impostor homeland of Verdi and Puccini were waiting bitter disappointment: a small manager explained Montserrat that stage career for her is excluded - with the figure she should return home, find a husband and raise children. In tears Caballe rushed home, and then "furious," the Spaniard's brother Carlos, who rose to defend the family property. He personally volunteered to take the place of the impresario of Montserrat, to continue the incompetent person is no longer interfere with the successful take-off "golden" sisters.

Professional debut Caballe held November 17, 1956, she sang Mimi in "La Boheme" at the scene of the Basel Theater, a small but well-known.

Photo - Montserrat Caballe
«Montserrat Caballe»

The success of the debut, the singer opened the way for all the theaters around the world.

They say misfortunes never come singly, but also happiness, apparently, not "privalivaet" in small portions. Soon Montserrat very well marry the famous while tenor Bernabe Marti. Met young people to play that same fateful for Montserrat "Madama Butterfly". During the love duet partner, whom she adored Caballe as older and more experienced friend, he showed a strange coldness, and not even touched the partner. Distressed singer complained common friend. At the next presentation of Marty, dopev to the position of the stage, attracted Montserrat and clung to her lips. A passionate kiss lasted so long that the orchestra was silent. Everyone - the audience and performers, and musicians - in complete silence waiting for the same character "detaches" from the young singer. Probably, such passion are forgiven only on the Spanish scene. Anyway, Caballe appreciated resourcefulness Marty and immediately fell in love with him. The next day, Bernabe suggested Montserrat hand and heart. And now, more than thirty years his wife live happily together, unaware of conflict and turmoil. True, career Bernabe gradually went on there, but it is completely devoid of "complexes" and quietly concede the palm of his "star" to his wife. When Montserrat asked if she is not jealous of Marty, whether on this occasion they have family problems, she invariably replies that the man is too smart for jealousy. However, Marty is clever to a degree to understand - a myriad number of men in the world envied him - he is the sole owner of the heart of this "pearl".

In 1960 Montserrat solidly won the opera scenes of Spain, she even was given a resounding and somewhat strange title of "Queen Isabella the Catholic, but his triumph Caballe is counting on the specific dates, specific performance of 1965. His Majesty the case did not cease to conduct our heroine to life, and one day the singer received a telegram from the two lines: "Come to New York. You are offered a game of" Lucrezia Borgia. "The fact that this role is usually in the" Carnegie Hall "performed Marilyn Horne, but she was seven months pregnant and felt bad.

Leaving the scene, Montserrat excitement almost broke the heel on the shoes, but at the end of the performance standing ovation and shouts of "Encore" went into this ecstasy rave, the conquered people. Night in a hotel room, where stood debutante, the phone rang. Some kind of lady began to speak in English and then switched to Italian. "I - Marilyn Horne. I listened to you in secret. I am glad that the day had lost his voice. So, as you were singing Lucrezia Borgia, I never sang, and did not sing. You will become the best singer of the world." The New York Times published the headline on the front page. "Callas + Tebaldi = Caballe.

According to a fatal accident or the mystical voice of fate in 1965 was the last stage in the career of the great Callas.

Photo - Montserrat Caballe
«Montserrat Caballe»

Prima, though invisibly, handed the throne of a new opera star. After a brilliant performance as Norma (I must say that this role Montserrat classifies itself to its highest achievements) in the outdoor amphitheater of Orange in 1974, the singer has received in the mail a small parcel, which were earrings. These earrings great Callas gave Luchino Visconti - a major Italian director - after she sang the part of Norma at La Scala. Since 1955, Maria wore earrings whenever she had never perform the aria "Casta diva." Now, sensing the approach of death, Callas nice gesture emphasized: Montserrat has no equal in the operatic firmament. Caballe success in the role of standards was so strong that after the execution of Montserrat bellinievskogo masterpiece on stage at La Scala theater administration for twenty years does not dare to repeat the production of the opera without a singer. Caballe as modestly admits that if she herself most of all loves music by Richard Strauss, then her voice can not live without Bellini.

Caballe genius is so great that for many years a stage career, her voice has never let her. How would a nor sensed diva, the audience is - a brilliant, it - head on it - enslaver of their hearts. In this case, Montserrat - neither in life nor on the stage does not like to "climb out of the skin," she is not trying to show themselves, "overload" of others of his own importance. Caballe rightly believes that life is much simpler than we are accustomed to think about it, and therefore you should not treat it too seriously, and do not need to register themselves as the center of the universe.

Diva is not used to worry about their own solid body. Many years ago, Senora Montserrat had an accident, since part of the brain adjacent to the pituitary gland, atrophied, and the system responsible for burning body fat, does not work. Therefore, if Caballe drinks a glass of water, it turns out, if she ate the whole pie. But this problem is unable to unsettle an optimistic woman. She decided that since so destined to, we must learn to live with it. Doctors picked up the lady proper diet, and now she does not drink alcohol, eats fruits and vegetables and perfectly happy and healthy. In the end, everything could have ended much more dismal ...

On the stage of Montserrat does not avoid jokes and improvisations.

Paris. Theater on the Champs Elysees. Caballe performs Spanish songs. Hall applauded. Suddenly, during a regular tune she pauses, and in the ensuing silence is deafening to the forefront, leans over and asks someone: "Are you okay? Can continue?" Then he explains the stunned audience: "Sorry, here is one Monsieur in the first row recorded on my tape recorder, but he ended the film, he changes it, so I decided to break off!"

Only such a cheerful, reckless woman, like Montserrat, a passionate football fans, can afford not academic at the opening concert of the sports games, only the great can Caballe "kupitsya" on the proposal of Freddie Mercury, who, wishing to carry out a cherished dream and sing along with Montserrat, wrote a hymn to her hometown of Barcelona.

Knew dodger on what feelings you can play the star.

Complacently bbw, however, does not mean professional amorphous and laziness. In Montserrat iron willpower. After all of the same accident, encased in gypsum rock by walking on crutches, did not leave the venue. And in opera in Verona, crippled examples come to the aid of a dresser Damiano Damiani. He invented a wide garment with immense sleeves. Montserrat was able to hide in their crutches and slowly move around the stage in front of unsuspecting audiences. And the costumes ladies that need to be in Elizabeth of Valois, whose game she played, just in case they put on nurses from the orthopedic clinic.

His voice Montserrat was a miracle, but himself - as a completely ordinary person and always protests against special relationship to it. It seems, to some extent burdened by their own genius, and unlike many, many celebrities have never put his career above personal happiness. Caballe for her family - the raison d'etre. In 1973, during rehearsals, "Mary Stuart" in Chicago Montserrat learned that her son was ill. At first she thought the boy had a banal cold, but the condition deteriorated. Despite the fact that tickets for the next six performances with the participation of the singer were sold completely Caballe immediately flew to Spain. And did right - mother and son had to go through three terrible days, until the boy passed the crisis and began to slowly recover. The administration of the Chicago Theater on the singer filed in court, but lost the case.

On their dreams Montserrat says simply: she would live up to the third millennium. Well, about a life lived - even simpler: "I have an amazing, brilliant singing destiny. I am confident that with my help people come into contact with this music, and this belief gives me the absolute satisfaction of which an artist can only dream of. From a material point of view, I have everything. But this does not mean much in my life.'s family - the only thing without which I can not live. It's for me - most importantly, the most important thing! "

 
  1. People and biographies — Women
  2. Photo: Coco ChanelCoco Chanel - she freed a woman from the XX century corsets and created a new silhouette freeing her body. Fashion designer Coco Chanel revolutionized the shape of a woman, she became an innovator and trendsetter, her ideas contrary to the…
  3. Photo: Astrid LindgrenAstrid Lindgren (1907-2002) swedish writer. Author of novels for children, "Pippi Longstocking - Long Stocking" (1945-1952), "The Kid and Carlson, who lives on the Roof" (1955-1968), "Rasmus-bum" (1956), "The Brothers Lionheart" (1979), "Ronia, the Robber′s Daughter" (1981), etc. Remember how the…
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