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Nadezhda K. Krupskaya

Photo - Nadezhda K. Krupskaya
«Nadezhda K. Krupskaya»

(1869-1939)

Wife of the leader of the Bolshevik VI Lenin. Member of the Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class in 1898. Secretary of the newspaper "Iskra", "Forward," "Proletariat", "Social Democrat." Participant in the revolutions of 1905-1907 and the October Revolution. Since 1917, a member of the board, from 1929, the Deputy Commissar of Education of the RSFSR. Since 1920, when the chairman Glavpolitprosveta Narcompros. Deputy of the Supreme Council since 1937. Has papers on pedagogy, the history of the CPSU.

Who would have thought of today, this woman, if it was not his wife, "the leader of world proletariat", the man who overturned all of the XX century? But the fact of the matter is that it could not be his wife. And if there are weird, stupid human destiny, hopes Konstantinovna was destined to become a shadow, relentless, cruel destroyer needed shade in the world. They may have only two - He and She, like the century, was led from the creation of the Earth. They were able to conceive a new genus, could create, but they have prepared their own hands diabolical lab accident - He and She.

Lives of Hope Konstantinovny little resemblance to the human biography. And not only in the Soviet biographer. Even in the memories of her friends rarely slip warm, flavorful, non-standard parts, there are no interesting cases. All straight, boring, quiet. But she lived a great and seems to be full of surprises life. But ... time and again we read: "It was calm," "did not betray his feelings," "silent, and nobody saw a single tear." As if we are talking about a robot.

Many note the external unattractiveness Hope Konstantinovny, but her youthful look at the photos - nothing repulsive in them no, and if you add to the portrait and its stateliness, good skin and a luxurious braid, or even seem to be not worth the sorrow of the exterior.

Photo - Nadezhda K. Krupskaya
«Nadezhda K. Krupskaya»

But even her mother was extremely sorry about the future of ugly daughter. Or maybe it was in the other, in that elusive feminine charm, which seems ugly and goddess? Most likely, this aura of feminine attractiveness completely absent in our heroine. Although it would seem, from what God is so offended Krupskaya?

Krupskaya grew up in a simple, poor family. The father, a loser addicted to the same revolutionary-democratic ideas, the state's widow and daughters had left, but the love and care girl has never been deprived. Studied at a good school, special needs did not know, enjoyed relative freedom. Mother Elizabeth V., bustling landlady, was very devout, but he felt that Nadia is not inclined to religion, my daughter does not persuade. Prayed only that the girl's personal life will be successful, and was ready for any bride, but would have loved and kept her daughter.

Nadia is a man thinks small. She finishes the prestigious Bestuzhev courses and arrives to work in night school for workers. Carefully studying Marxism, for which even vyzubrila German. "Marxism has given me the greatest happiness a man can only wish for: the knowledge of where to go, a quiet confidence in the final outcome of the case, which is connected with life." And these were not just words of ideological considerations. Feelings compared with its purpose seemed to be shallow and worthless. She became a fan, but the flesh is in such cases only the burdens, so no complex, suffering from a lack of privacy Krupskaya did not feel.

Ulyanov, she saw at her school. Apparently, he struck her determination and categorically judgments. Since its early days behaved like a chief, leader. Krupskaya, meeting once Ulyanov in the public library, did not want to lose such a wonderful chance to meet and waited, and when he goes home.

Photo - Nadezhda K. Krupskaya
«Nadezhda K. Krupskaya»

All the way they talked about the general case. I must say that Krupskaya was fairly educated and intelligent and when she wanted to, could be interested in a man. Ilich has not refused invitations to the girls and the following Sunday looked "to light" to Krupskaya.

You can imagine how happy Elizabeth V. for her daughter. A nice young man from a good family. True, the brother involved in the assassination of the king, but his father - an inspector schools in Simbirsk. Hope's mother tried to do everything in its power - with tenderness and pies privechala it the potential groom.

When Vladimir Ilyich from prison sent Krupskaya's offer to become his wife, Nadezhda K. replied: "Well, my wife as my wife." She knew that she would never part with his "god", but now she has the legal right to be eternally with him.

Did she love him? Yes, if love can be called the invincible faith and penetrating insight. You should not think that the writings of Lenin, "there is no hope Konstantinovny, she was able to wisely and discreetly send his hand, pretending that it only helps the leader. Ilyich did not tolerate opposition, but she did not have a habit of mind, gently, gradually she forced to listen to him. One of the companions of Lenin, GI Petrovsky recalled: "I had to watch as Krupskaya in discussions on different issues not agree with the opinion of Vladimir Ilyich. It was very interesting. Oppose Vladimir Ilyich was very difficult, because it has everything thought out and logical. But Krupskaya notices" errors "in his speech, the excessive passion than anything ... When Krupskaya played with his remarks, Vladimir Ilyich laughed and scratched his head. His whole appearance said that he sometimes gets." Does not that pretty picture, more like a well orchestrated scene? "Lovely curse - just gratifying." No, Krupskaya was neither a "brood hen" or "darling." She did not need fame, budget approvals, it was Vladimir Ilyich Galatea, and she coped well with the role of Pygmalion.

About Love, Inessa Armand to a lot of rumors.

Photo - Nadezhda K. Krupskaya
«Nadezhda K. Krupskaya»

Now documentary proof that the leader was not indifferent to this revolutionary beauty. But nothing we did not find evidence of the attitude towards Armand our heroine. Only indifferent concerns about its health, polite interest destiny daughter rival is present in its letters to Armand. Three in the sealed train they returned in February 1917 in Russia. It was said that Krupskaya, Lenin saw flour, invited him to break up to make it to your favorite Inessa. Wise woman - do not say anything. Or maybe just knew - she was not threatened. Feeling emotions, from their explosion is the armored person is not insured, and spike two accomplices still stronger. Not without reason in the last years of his life, Lenin on a step would not let go of a loyal friend. In 1919, Krupskaya asks her husband to stay to work in the Urals, and receives a letter: "... and how could you think of this?" Staying in the Urals? "I'm sorry, but I was shocked."

Numerous works of Hope Konstantinovny on pedagogy today have only historical significance for those interested in the views of the Bolsheviks to the problem of child-rearing. The real value of Krupskaya - in Lenin's works, her idol and teammate. She has outlived its "god" for 15 years, but this was not the life for her steel fighter revolution of women, accustomed to hard work. Stalin was still the sick Lenin tried to "remove the old woman" from the political scene. He gave her a scandal when she refused to isolate her husband from running the country. Then he had to apologize, gritting his teeth with rage. But when the chief died, Stalin joined with Krupskaya in a fierce struggle. He was not going with someone else to share power, especially with the widow of Lenin.

Petty squabbles began a new leader with Krupskaya about portrayals of the old leader of the people.

Photo - Nadezhda K. Krupskaya
«Nadezhda K. Krupskaya»

Krupskaya was a tragic situation - on the one hand, the corpse, the mummy of her husband, whom she begged to bury the other hand, touching biography, produced by order of Stalin. She is now on what had no right. One can only imagine her hopeless situation, when a period of fifteen years she lived with the thought that the body of a loved one has not found a decent burial, and she never will be buried next to him.

In 1938 the writer Shaginyan Krupskaya asked about the review and support of her novel about Lenin "Ticket to History". Krupskaya said the author of a letter detailing what caused the terrible anger Stalin. Scandal, which became the subject of the Party Central Committee. We present an interesting excerpt from the ruling Politburo:

"To condemn the behavior of Krupskaya, who received the manuscript Shahinian, not only did not prevent the emergence of the novel to the light, but on the contrary, encouraged the Shahinian, gave positive feedback on the manuscript and advised Shahinian on various aspects of life Ulyanov, and thus bore full responsibility for this book. Krupskaya consider the behavior of the more inappropriate and tactless, so that Krupskaya did all this without the knowledge or consent of the CPSU (B), behind the CPSU (B), thereby transforming whole Party thing compiling the works of Lenin into a private and family affair and acting as a monopolist and interpreter of public and private life and work of Lenin and his family, to anyone that the CC and never right to remain silent ... "

The document, of course, absurd. But on the other hand, is not itself a Krupskaya once launched the flywheel of the machine, giving the body of the party pre-emptive right in thinking. Ideal in its implementation was much more absurd than she could imagine.

From life Krupskaya gone somehow suddenly.

Yes, she was not young and a lot of hurt, but her death is a mystery. Perhaps the biggest mystery - it's what she was going to talk at the XVIII Congress of the Party. On his decision to speak to the delegates she shared with many colleagues. It is not excluded that this speech could be directed against Stalin. Morning of February 24, 1939 Krupskaya, as usual, worked, and a day to her friends arrived in Arkhangelsk - mark approaching seventieth birthday. The table was modest - ravioli, pudding. Krupskaya, drank a few sips of champagne. Old people remembered his youth, took some photos for memory. Krupskaya was gay and spoke animatedly with friends.

At 7 pm, she suddenly felt very bad. Call a doctor, but for some reason he came through three and a half hours. Of course, to get in the February twilight to the Archangel, took time. But not for three hours, especially considering the high status of the patient. The diagnosis put at once: "acute appendicitis, peritonitis, thrombosis. Was needed emergency surgery, but it somehow did not. Krupskaya died in terrible agony on 27 February and in March opened XVIII Congress of the Party.

 
  1. People and biographies — Women
  2. Photo: Coco ChanelCoco Chanel - she freed a woman from the XX century corsets and created a new silhouette freeing her body. Fashion designer Coco Chanel revolutionized the shape of a woman, she became an innovator and trendsetter, her ideas contrary to the…
  3. Photo: Astrid LindgrenAstrid Lindgren (1907-2002) swedish writer. Author of novels for children, "Pippi Longstocking - Long Stocking" (1945-1952), "The Kid and Carlson, who lives on the Roof" (1955-1968), "Rasmus-bum" (1956), "The Brothers Lionheart" (1979), "Ronia, the Robber′s Daughter" (1981), etc. Remember how the…
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