1. Aristocrats
  2. Photo: Paul von HindenburgGermanic military and political figure, General-Field Marshal (1914). During the three years before the First World War in Germany was 470 generals, but those whose names were widely known to the public, hardly had accumulated a dozen. General Hindenburg to their…
  3. Photo: Lucius Cornelius Sulla(138-78 BC BC.)The Roman commander, praetor (93 BC AD.), Consul (88 BC AD.) Dictator (82 BC AD.). One of the most ancient Roman families is kind of Cornelia, who gave the Roman history of a large number of statesmen and generals.…

Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel

Photo - Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel
«Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel»

Baron, Lieutenant-General.

Rhode Wrangel, leading his descent from the XIII century, was of Danish origin. Many of its representatives have served under the flags of Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Holland and Spain, as well as Livonia and Estonia finally confirmed for Russia, Wrangel began faithfully serve Russia′s crown. In the genus Wrangel was 7 field marshals, 18 generals and 2 Admiral (the name of one of them named F. Wrangel Island in the Arctic and Pacific oceans).

Many kinds Wrangel in Russia dedicated their lives to a military career. But there were those who refused from it. One of them was Nikolai G. Wrangel. Rejecting the military career, he became director of the Insurance Company "Ekvitebl" located in Rostov-na-Donu. Nikolai G. had the title of baron, but had no estates, or state. The title he inherited by the son - Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, who became one of the most famous military figures in the beginning of XX century.

Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel was born in Novoaleksandrovsk August 27, 1878. Primary education he received at home, and then entered the Rostov real school. After graduating from college, Pyotr Wrangel went to St. Petersburg, where in 1896 successfully passed exams in the Mining Institute.

Baron and kinship ties enabled the young Peter Wrangel be accepted in high society, and higher education allowed him to serve his military service, obligatory for Russia′s subjects, only one year and select the very place of service.

Institute of Petro graduated in 1901 and in the same year he joined a volunteer in the Life Guard Horse Regiment. The following year he was made a cornet, having passed the examination for a commission at the Nicholas Cavalry School. Then, after leaving the reserve, he went to Irkutsk for the post of deputy for special assignments for the Governor-General. The beginning of Russian-Japanese War of 1904-1905 found him in Siberia, and Peter N., again entered the active military service, is sent to the Far East.

Photo - Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel
«Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel»

There Wrangel was enrolled in the 2 nd regiment Argun Trans-Baikal Cossack troops.

In December 1904 he was promoted to centurions - "for the difference in the cases against the Japanese." During the war for courage and bravery, he received his first Order of Battle - St. Anne′s 4-th degree and St. Stanislaus. In 1905, he served in a separate intelligence division 1-st of the Manchu army and by the end of the war was promoted ahead of second-grade captain. During the war, Peter N. strengthened in their desire to become a professional soldier.

The first Russian revolution of 1905-1907, and walked across Siberia, and Wrangel in the detachment of General Orlov took part in taming the riots and the elimination of pogroms that accompanied the revolution.

In 1906, he was in the rank of staff-captain was transferred to the 55 th Finnish Dragoon Regiment, and the next year - he was a lieutenant of the Life Guards Regiment.

In the same 1907 Petro comes to Mykolayiv General Staff Military Academy, graduating in 1910, among the best - the seventh on the list. Incidentally, the same year with Wrangel studied future Marshal of the Soviet Union Boris Shaposhnikov.

In 1911, he is undergoing a cavalry officer in the school receives under the command of a squadron and became a member of the regimental court in the Life Guards cavalry regiment.

The outbreak of World War I brought Wrangel to the front. Together with the regiment with the rank of captain of the Guards, he joined the 1 st Army of the North-Western Front. Already in the early days of the war he managed to distinguish himself. Thus, 6 August 1914 his squadron attacked and captured a German battery. The reward he became the Order of St. George′s 4-th degree. After the failure of the East-Prussian operation Russian troops retreated, but despite the fact that virtually has been no active hostilities, Pyotr repeatedly awarded for bravery and heroism.

Photo - Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel
«Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel»

He was promoted to colonel and awarded the George golden arms. For him the rank of officer had a lot of sense, and he said that he must set an example of personal courage subordinates.

In October 1915, Wrangell was transferred to the South-Western Front, and took over command of the 1 st Nerchin Regiment of the Trans-Baikal Cossack. When translating, he was given the following characterization of his former commander: "The outstanding bravery. Understands the situation perfectly and quickly, very resourceful in difficult conditions. "

Under his command the regiment fought in Galicia, and participated in the famous "Brusilov breakthrough. In 1916, Wrangell was promoted to major general and became commander of 2 nd Brigade of the Ussuri Cavalry Division. By the end of the war, he has headed the division.

Pyotr on his convictions was a monarchist, but often criticized in the conversations, as the supreme command staff, and personally Emperor Nicholas II. Failures in the war he was connected with the weakness of command. He considered himself a true officer and demanding as to itself and to anyone who wore officers′ epaulettes. Wrangell repeating that if the officer admits that his order could not be executed, then "it is no longer an officer, it swab no. He enjoyed great respect among his fellow officers and ordinary soldiers. The key to military affairs, he believed military prowess, intelligence and commander of the honor and strict discipline.

February Revolution Petro immediately and took the oath of allegiance to the Provisional Government. But the collapse of the army soon began a very hard blow to her state of mind. Not wanting to continue to take part in it, Wrangell, citing illness, goes on vacation and went to the Crimea. Almost a year he leads a secluded life, with anyone almost no talking.

But the summer of 1918, Petro decided to act. He arrived in Kiev to the former commander of the Life Guards regiment to General, and now hetman Skoropadsky and gets under his banner.

Photo - Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel
«Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel»

But Hetman little worried the revival of Russia, he fought for "separatist" in Ukraine. Because of this, between him and Wrangel began to emerge from conflict, and soon Petro decided to go to Ekaterinodar to Denikin.

By joining the volunteer army, Wrangell receives the command of a cavalry brigade, which took part in the 2-m Kuban campaign. Having behind the big battle experience, without losing courage, determination and courage, Wrangell quickly gained recognition as an excellent commander, and his command was entrusted first 1 st Cavalry Division, and two months later and the entire 1 st Cavalry Corps. In the Army, he enjoyed great prestige and often turned to the troops with bright patriotic speeches. His orders are always distinguished by clarity and sharpness. In December 1918 he was promoted to lieutenant general. It should be noted that Petro under no circumstances did not allow weakening or breach of discipline. For example, during the successful operations in Ukraine in the Volunteer Army, acts of looting. Many commanders turn a blind eye, justifying the actions of subordinates inadequate supply of the army. But Wrangel did not want to put up with it and even apply in his custody, frequent public executions of looters in a warning to others.

Successful operations in the south have significantly increased the front of the offensive. At the end of May 1919 it was decided to establish a new Caucasian Army for action in the Lower Volga. The army commander was appointed Wrangel. The onset of the Caucasian Army started successfully - were taken Tsaritsyn and Kamyshin and taken a trip to Saratov. But by the autumn of 1919 against the Caucasian Army were concentrated large forces of the Red Army, and its victorious advance was halted. In addition, on Wrangel Island in the Volunteer Army, which occurred in Tula and Moscow, have been translated all the reserves, which greatly weakened the Caucasian army.

After suffering a crushing defeat at counterattacks of the Southern Front, The Volunteer Army retreated.

Photo - Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel
«Peter Nikolayevich Wrangel»

Remains of the White armies were consolidated into one body under the command of Kutepova, and Wrangell was instructed to go to the Kuban to the formation of new regiments. By this time the differences between him and Denikin, which began in the summer of 1919, reached the highest point. Petro Denikin criticized for its handling of military leadership and strategy, and for its civic policy. He opposed undertaken the march on Moscow and insisted on the connection with Kolchak. The result of the differences was that Wrangel was forced to leave the army and go to Constantinople.

In March 1920, Denikin resigned and asked the Military Council to find a replacement. The new commander of the Armed Forces of the South was elected (unanimously) Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel.

Since taking office, Wrangel began first thing lead an army in order and took its re-formation. The generals, whose troops were distinguished indiscipline - Pokrovsky and skins - were dismissed. Wrangel changed and the name of the army - now it has become known as the Russian army, which, in his opinion, would have to attract into its ranks more supporters. He and he created "The Government of South Russia" trying to create in the Crimea a new state, which could fight with the Soviets, the best example of the government. A government reforms have not had success, and support of the people had not been received.

In the early summer of 1920 Russian army numbered in its ranks 25 thousand people. Wrangel led the successful military operation to seize Northern Tavria, using the fact that the main forces of the Red Army was in Poland in August, it sends the Kuban marines, who, not having met the support of the Cossacks there, and returned to the Crimea. Autumn of 1920, Russian army tried to keep active steps to seize breakthrough in the Donbas and the right bank. The number of Wrangel′s army by this time reached 60 thousand people.

But soon the military action in Poland have been discontinued, and against the Russian army had inflicted five armies, including the two-horse army under the command of MV Frunze, numbering more than 130 thousand people.

Just one week was enough for the Red Army to liberate the Northern Tavria, break Perekop building and break into the Crimea. Russian army, unable to resist a numerically superior enemy, began to retreat. General Wrangel still managed to make this retreat is not helter-skelter, and orderly departure parts. From the Crimea to the Russian and French ships tens of thousands of soldiers of Russian army and the refugees were sent to Turkey.

In Turkey, Baron Wrangel spent about a year, staying with the army, keeping it in good order and discipline. During this year the Russian army soldiers are gradually dispersed over the world, and many went back to Russia. At the end of 1921 the Russian army were transferred to Bulgaria and Yugoslavia.

Instead of the Russian army disintegrated in Paris, was founded by Russian Military Union (EMRO), which had offices in the countries where they found refuge former officers and members of the White movement. ROVS goal was to keep officers for future struggle.

Until his death, Baron Wrangel remained head ROVS and never stopped fighting with the Bolsheviks. EMRO spent most intelligence work and had a combat division, develops plans for military actions in the territory of the USSR.

Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel died in Brussels on 25 April 1928, before they reach their 50 th anniversary a few months. His body was transported to Yugoslavia and solemnly buried in Belgrade in the Russian church of the Holy Trinity.

  1. People and biographies — Aristocrats
  2. Photo: Paul von HindenburgGermanic military and political figure, General-Field Marshal (1914). During the three years before the First World War in Germany was 470 generals, but those whose names were widely known to the public, hardly had accumulated a dozen. General Hindenburg to their…
  3. Photo: Lucius Cornelius Sulla(138-78 BC BC.)The Roman commander, praetor (93 BC AD.), Consul (88 BC AD.) Dictator (82 BC AD.). One of the most ancient Roman families is kind of Cornelia, who gave the Roman history of a large number of statesmen and generals.…
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