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Pericles

Photo - Pericles
«Pericles»

(ca. 495-429 BC)

The reign of this statesman in Athens called the "age of Pericles" - so much he has done for the prosperity of his native city and the subsequent glory.

He was born in aristocratic family. As a young Eshilu helped put the tragedy "Persians." "But the most close to Pericles man - wrote Plutarch - who breathed in its majestic way of thinking, it rises above the ordinary people of the leader, and even gave him a high dignity, had Anaksagor of Klazomen that contemporaries called" the mind "-- because it surprised him a great, extraordinary mind, manifested in the study of nature, or because he first gave the principle of the device the universe is not the case, or need, but the mind of a pure virgin, who in all other subjects, mixed, providing homogeneous particle.

Constant communication with the greatest thinker of that time certainly contributed to intellectual development and public speaking skills Pericles. Nevertheless, it does not belong in the highest aristocratic council - Areopagus, and some influential people, seeing its similarity to the tyrant Pisistratom and the fear of his elevation, were ready at the first opportunity to expel him from Athens, exposing the stigma. At the time, so there were those who demonstrated their outstanding abilities, are very popular, and thus had the opportunity to become a dictator. So Athens aristocracy (with Democrats) to avoid the transition to monarchy and sole rule.

Participating in campaigns, Pericles showed courage, but as a statesman of caution.

Photo - Pericles
«Pericles»

Despite its origins, wealth and influential friends, he spoke to the people and the poor, rather than aristocrats and wealthy.

Accordingly, changed his way of life, behavior: peers and avoided many feasts, was restrained and straightforward with others. In contrast to the demagogues, he did not seek to appear regularly before the people or the People′s Assembly, and makes a speech in only the most important cases, surpassing all in elocution, clarity and depth of thought.

Relatively quickly become the most popular politician Pericles through patriotism, honesty, performances for the restriction of the rights of the aristocracy in favor of democracy. His many elected strategist, and since 460 BC he was actually the first person in Athens.

In such cases, the rulers were called tyrants, dictators and democracy in the name of trying to quickly get rid of them. However, Pericles was able to stay on top of power through the support of the people. We can say that he became leader of the ruling People, using their power not for personal gain, but for the benefit of the policy, the State. And it has great fruit: were built many beautiful buildings Acropolis. Guided the work of the great sculptor Fidy. Besides him and Anaksagora in the range of Pericles were Herodotus and Sophocles. Incidentally, when the latter was accompanied by Pericles in the marine expeditions, the one praised the beauty yungu, having received the answer: "The strategy should not only clean hands, and eyes."

Different military valor and gained a number of victories (in memory of them was found 9 trophies), he died for the fatherland equates to the gods: "Even the gods we do not see, but to honor those who have them, and for the benefits, they give us, we conclude that they are immortal, these features are characteristic and those who died in the battle for the Motherland.

Photo - Pericles
«Pericles»

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Perhaps such statements with atheistic tone, or lack of the mystical view of nature, perceived by Anaksagora allowed the enemies of Pericles and zavistnikam allegations against him and his friends charged with insulting religious sanctities. Anaksagor fled from Athens, Fidy died in prison, tried, even the wife of Pericles Aspasia, one of the most educated women (it lived through the words of her husband in her defense). Comedian tried to humiliate and osramit Aspasia and Pericles, his authority was undermined. And when, in 430 BC outbreak of plague, all misery blamed Pericles, not electing him even strategist. However, better citizens of this and they have not been re-erected it in high positions, but he fell ill and died of plague in the year 429.

"This man - Plutarch wrote about it - is worthy of astonishment, not only moderation and gentleness, which he maintained in his extensive work among the fierce hostility, but also a noble way of thinking, its a nice tribute, he thought that, being a high office, he never had the will or envy or anger ... "And when Pericles died, the events forced afinyan feel than it was for them ... People who suffer with the power of his life, because it overshadow them now as it was not, under authority of the other speakers and leaders, aware that it has never been a person who is better able to combine his modesty with a sense of dignity and majesty of gentleness. A strength of it, which excited envy, and called autocracy and tyranny, as now understood, was a stronghold of salvation of government: the State struck devastating scourge, and revealed the deep depravity of manners, which, weakening and subdued it was not possible to occur and become in incurable disease.

Photo - Pericles
«Pericles»

"

According to historian and contemporary of Thucydides Pericles, the ruler of Athens alleged secret: "Our Town - School across Greece, and I think that each of us alone can with ease and grace to show their personality in a variety of circumstances." This statement Pericles, quite rightly. It is no coincidence that in his glorious rule of Athens have made extraordinary achievements in literature, philosophy, drama, architecture, sculpture, construction, handicrafts, trade, military affairs. The Age of Pericles was different than that at this time how the bride suddenly miraculously appeared in Athens geniuses. Such coincidences do not happen.

The secret is simple: many people, not just the handful of aristocrats and the rich, the opportunity to demonstrate their abilities. Because it was established a sort of governance: democracy, with unity of command. And most importantly, led the country people decent, possessing the public mind, broad knowledge, respect for the talented people. It is equally important that he was a patriot.

This phenomenon of "democratic monarchy" we have yet to contemplate the example of the USSR. And yet once again emphasize that in the era of Pericles, and immediately thereafter - in the continued recovery of Culture - did Anaksagor, Fidy, Sophocles, Protagor, Herodotus, Euripides, Socrates, Thucydides, Aristophanes, Plato, Diogenes. But of course, and Pericles has not by itself.

Prior to his Greek culture has been on the rise: have lived and worked great thinkers, scientists, poets, playwrights - Anaksimandr, Sapfo, Feognid, Aesop, Anakreont, Anaksimen, Ksenofan, Heraclitus, Pythagoras, Eshil.

Culture in any single policy, the state does not reach the peaks suddenly and is not quenched immediately. A public body has its own pattern of development, the take-off activity and the fall. But in this process plays a significant role personage a statesman, a bright example - Pericles.

 
  1. People and biographies — Geniuses
  2. Photo: STALIN(1879-1953)Since his name is linked almost all the greatest achievements of Soviet Union in the XX century. They are all the more impressive when considering that at the time of his reign, the country experienced a world war and the subsequent…
  3. Photo: Ludwig van Beethoven(1770-1827) In Richard Wagner is the remembrance of the story, "The Pilgrimage to Beethoven". Indeed, for some people, introduction to the music, and therefore to the identity of Beethoven′s akin to priests. He is one of those geniuses, the strength and…
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