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  2. Photo: Jean-Claude Van DammeNovember 18, 1960 in an intellectual family, was born Jean-Claude Camille Francois Van Varenberg, it is now known as Jean-Claude Van Damme. An action hero as a child did not show any sporting tendencies, studied piano and classical dance, also good…
  3. Photo: Marlon BrandoWriter Elia Kazan after the release of the movie "A Streetcar Named" Desire "with Marlon Brando, said: "Marlon Brando - is really the best actor in the world... and the beauty of nature - it is an agonizing pain that will…

Franz Liszt

Hungarian composer, pianist, conductor. He headed the so-called Weimar school. Romantic composers sought to reveal in his works, the inner connection of music and poetry. Among his works of the oratorio, "Faust Symphony" (1857), two concertos for piano and orchestra (1856, 1861), Sonata "in B Minor" (1853), Hungarian rhapsodies, etudes, waltzes, choruses, songs, music of the cult. One of the founders and first president of the Academy of Music in Budapest, which now bears his name.

Liszt was an unusually gifted child. Boy's talent has not gone unnoticed by European aristocrats. They helped get the Liszt music education. Later, the composer has been recognized as the greatest talent of his time. He traveled all over Europe, from Portugal to Russia, and his fame was truly popular. In 1848 he agreed to become director of the court theater in Weimar. Over thirty years of his tenure Sheet managed to breathe new life into the European music not only for its concerts and opera productions, but that is actively helping young composers, such, for example, Richard Wagner.

Leaving the post of director of the theater in Weimar, Liszt spent eight years in Rome, where he became abbot of the Roman Catholic Church. Then, the composer for seventeen years, acted, taught and conducted in Rome, Weimar and Budapest. Liszt's musical genius earned him not only fame but also a solid state, is about the middle of his career, he stopped working for money and has directed its efforts to raise funds for charitable purposes. In his later years Liszt toured a lot. He died on July 31, 1886 from pneumonia in the German city of Bayreuth.

Throughout his career, Liszt demanded respect from their audience and sought recognition of the special situation of the artist in society, arguing that the artist - this is not a servant, called to fulfill the whims of their masters. He once refused to play for Isabella II, because it did not submit it in person (it is not allowed to the requirements of the Spanish court etiquette). Also known case in which the leaf has stopped his speech to Nicholas I, and resumed it only after the king ended his conversation with a neighbor on the bed.

In 17 years of age Liszt lived through a personal tragedy when he was forced to stop meeting with Caroline de Saint-Krieg, one of his students from an aristocratic family.

His first serious love affair began an affair with the Countess Adele de la Pryunared. At this time, he was the initiator of leaf break, he learned that the Countess has another lover.

To get acquainted with the history of relations between Liszt and Countess d? Agu, is enough to read Balzac's novel "Les amours forces", in which the beloved composer derived the name Arabella.

Dr. Countess? Agu, nee Flavin, was born in a French family, but in the German city - in Frankfurt. As she grew, her widely recognized as a beautiful, constantly surrounded by a crowd of admirers, among which are the British ambassador, William Lam (husband of Byron's mistress), the Danish ambassador Pehlin, Chateaubriand. He moved with his mother in Paris, she is beautiful socialite, enjoyed little success there.

Flavin Countess remained indifferent to the compliments and courtship, which it showered. She surprised many when he married the Count d? Agha, who was her senior by twenty years (the Countess 23 years).

Even when she had three children, she shone in the light continued to go to balls, which consistently appeared in the delightful bright toilets.

Franz Liszt met with Dr. Marie? Agu in the salon of the Duchess of Duras, author of "Urik" in which the main role is played by black woman. Poetry and music held sway in the salon: recited poetry, played the piano. Young leaves, tall, slender, thin, with pale marble face and forehead of the thinker, of course, stood out among the guests. The ladies took care of this "Paganini Piano," as called by Liszt, and no one remembers that the composer of humble origins: his father was only a minor official. Secular musical genius and manners of high society of Paris was forced to forget about it. Leaf has become a real idol on the altar of which women are often brought to his modesty, honor and reputation.

Succumbed to his charms and Countess d? Agha. She is madly in love with Liszt. However, the maestro did not immediately respond to her feelings. And this is just further whetted her. Finally, the efforts of the Countess succeeded. While very popular was the idea of ??free love, an art justified in the novels of George Sand, Liszt therefore felt no remorse, sharing the passion of married women.

In 1835, the Countess Marie d? Agu left her husband and children in Paris and moved to Liszt to Switzerland. Franz was at the height of bliss. He wrote to his friend the writer: "If you want to describe the story of two happy lovers, then select the shore of Lake Como. Never before has the sky did not promise me so blessed corner of the earth. Charm of love is there to act with a vengeance. Imagine the perfect image of a woman, the heavenly beauty of which inspires awe, and next to it - a young man who is faithful and happy not to the extent of ... Oh, you've probably already guessed, the name of love this couple! "

In Switzerland, the Countess gave birth to three children. Daniel, Christina and Cosimo. The latter was then the wife of Richard Wagner. Liszt was a loving father, but then had no money. Life was difficult, the Countess is not used anything to limit myself. Began the inevitable in such cases an argument. In 1839, the lovers parted. Liszt went on long tours, and Mary, at his request, went to Paris, where he settled with his mother.

The countess, trying to gain financial freedom, tried his hand at literature. Her first novel "Nelida" was a great success, as she described it in his own life. Of course, the leaf it was shown in a bad way. The novel was criticized a lot, but read it. Chateaubriand found his model, even witty irony, as a young writer Ronsard, made no secret of his admiration of the Countess d? Agu, set her novel on the same shelf with the works of George Sand.

By the way, George Sand herself was very fond of sitting around the piano when played music sheet. One day, Marie, jealous of the maestro writer, George Sand, even provoked to a duel by selecting as a weapon of their own nails. Liszt was locked in his office and stayed there as long as women are not satisfied.

Soon he began a torrid romance with Lola Montez, the infamous Spanish dancer. When she tired of him, Liszt left Lola in the morning, leaving his mistress asleep in a hotel room, do not forget to put some money on the table. He had no doubt that, on hearing of his flight, the hotel will arrange Montes huge scandal and always in a rage will break the furniture. So that money will not prevent it, he decided to maestro.

Loves of Liszt were the talk of the entire European music community. Even in old age, Liszt had love affairs with pupils who were good to him in age granddaughters. He, however, always maintained that respectfully refers to virginity and did not "seduced maiden." Maestro was very afraid of impotence, and used all kinds of stimulants, to avoid it. Argued that if a list of lovers of Liszt, it will be much longer than a similar list of any of his contemporaries.

Liszt himself, appreciating his love exploits, late in life said: "I have not bitten off quite a big piece of that apple." With these words, it is difficult to accept: his mistresses were Italian Princess Christine Beldzhiozo, Prussian Baroness von Meyendorff, Olga, a young Polish Countess Olga Janina, and the famous courtesan Marie Duplessis, inspired Dumas to write "La Dame aux Camelias," and Verdi - at work "La Traviata ".

Marie (Alfonsin) Duplessis was not like other courtesans, it took in that world, of which her "colleagues" for gallant shop could not even dream of. Albert Vandam in his book "An Englishman in Paris", wrote: "It was such a delicacy, which can not be learned, a special measure under any circumstances. She never allowed herself a single harsh word, and in general very properly said in French. Lola Montes has not were no other, Alphonsine Duplessis did not have the same enemies. "

In the small pleasures, which it currently allowed, there was something childish. Marie's favorite dessert was a frozen grape. Not surprisingly, Mary attracted celebrities such as Dumas and Franz Liszt. She even hosted the Lola Montez, a complete opposite of his.

Theater critic Jules Janin wrote to Liszt that they first met Marie in the crowded lobby of a theater on the boulevards. "With your head held high she walked past the surprised audience and sat down beside us on the banquettes. We were amazed: neither leaf nor I had never even talked to this woman. She had a taste, a sense of humor and sanity. She turned first to the great musician, saying that the long-familiar with his works, and they always made her dream. We talked the entire third act. "

The next time I saw Marie Janin in her box at the opera, then a large ball, which was given in Brussels on the occasion of the opening of the Northern Railway. Liszt gave her piano lessons, trying to Marie warmer feelings than to the ordinary student. "Poor Marietta Duplessis - he wrote to Countess d? Agha after the death of a courtesan - she was the first woman in that I really fell in love."

A Marietta, as he called it List, led a stormy life: knowing that he would die young, she wanted from life all that is possible. One girl of Liszt said: "I'm not going to live. I'm a strange woman - I can not adapt to today's living. Take me away, took wherever you want. I'm not disturbing you: I will sleep all day, at night I will go to the theater, and at night You will be able to do with me whatever you want. " In his letter to the Countess d? Agu leaf admitted: "I'm strangely fond of this charming establishment in his last visit to Paris. I promised to take her to Constantinople, because that was the only trip that we could accomplish together."

Marie Duplessis did not go to Constantinople, she spent several weeks in the Spa and Baden-Baden, and returned to Paris, once again plunged into the usual frantic life. In late autumn, she took to her bed, and February 3 it was not. Mary was only twenty-three years. Liszt wrote: "Some strange strange music of ancient elegy, speak to my soul when I think about it ..."

Finally, Franz Liszt was destined to experience one of the most amazing novels. He loved, was loved and still could not marry the object of his passion.

His girlfriend - Princess Caroline von Sayn-Wittgenstein, a Polish noblewoman, born Ivanovo. Through his father, a man of serious and strict, she received a thorough education, studied logic, delved into the economic affairs and has learned to think in practical. Further her education took her mother, who loved the light, fun, glitter, dating celebrities, travel. Thus, in the soul of Caroline poetry and prose go hand in hand, complementing each other.

At the urging of his father at the age of seventeen Caroline married Prince Sayn-Wittgenstein Nicholas, son of the Russian Field Marshal, a man of gross, wanton, wasteful. Living with him was impossible, and she appealed to the Emperor Nicholas I to ask for divorce, intending to ask for the same Pope. By this it has been declining love of Franz Liszt, with whom she met in 1847 during his stay in Kiev, and whose works led her into raptures. On the basis of love for music and they became friends. Sheet music then hatched a grand plan. He wanted his "Divine Comedy" was performed with illustrations of the scenes of the Florentine poet's immortal works as a diorama (something like a sheet made Munkacsy when a canvas of his painting "The Death of Mozart's" Requiem sounded). But the plan that required for its implementation of the huge amounts failed, even though Carolina offered to give the money.

Once a composer and virtuoso came to her in Polish manor to stay. No doubt they would have legalized their relationship, if the request for divorce was granted. However, instead of a divorce Carolina received the document on the confiscation of her estates, and the prohibition to return to Russia (Caroline lived at that time in Carlsbad). But is there are obstacles to true love?

Carolina, as testified to her daughter, Marie Lipsius, "brought to Liszt's sacrifice everything: their country, their economic activities on the estates, its prominent position, and even - in the eyes of myopic, which lacked the ability to appreciate its high, strict morality - his good name and she began an amazing fight against tyrannical forces and at the same time with small difficulty, and brought it to the end ... She created him a house, watched it for his spiritual activities and bake about his health, for his benefit, it settled the slightest habits, guarded him from excesses, took care of all his dealings with the tireless participation, surrendered the care of his mother and children and created hospitality that one could hardly have a more friendly, more noble. "

Liszt, who had a greater tendency to ideal women, which certainly belonged Carolina, she answered a sincere affection. His letters to her breathe, not only poetry, but also inspiration. "Let the good angels of God have you in his wings with Manolettoy (Princess Mary)," - he wrote her a letter. In another, he asked: "Have patience, my love, and infinitely dear bride, sister, friend, helper and support, joy, blessing and glory of my life."

When the clouds thickened overhead princess, she went to Weimar. There also followed, and Liszt. Lovers have settled in a castle, which gave Carolina a great duchess, sympathetic to her. Twelve years in Weimar, were the best times in the life of Liszt. Finally, he really got her own house. Look after him, guarding his inspiration. Liszt helped Carolina to work on a book about Chopin. When she was asked, what pages were written by her, and what - Liszt, she replied: "If we are two people so connected that they form one whole, one can specify that one did, and what was done to others." Carolina also inspired him to oratorio "The Legend of St. Elizabeth."

They were happy, but at the same time well aware that society condemns extramarital life. Only when the throne in Russia has entered the Emperor Alexander II, who requested Carolina divorce was granted. The Pope also gave his consent to a divorce. Already he was appointed wedding day, when he came from Rome, the new news that my father changed his mind. They said that the husband used his connections Carolina ...

Carolina was in despair. But suddenly her husband died, and now she was free. Alas, by the time her sense of Liszt tempered, and he, incidentally, has always been religious, suddenly became a monk. Carolina has lost its last hope to marry her beloved.

What made the vows of a Leaf? We can only guess: the great composer and his girlfriend have taken this secret to the grave. She died seven months after his death, which could not survive.

  1. People and biographies — Lovers
  2. Photo: Jean-Claude Van DammeNovember 18, 1960 in an intellectual family, was born Jean-Claude Camille Francois Van Varenberg, it is now known as Jean-Claude Van Damme. An action hero as a child did not show any sporting tendencies, studied piano and classical dance, also good…
  3. Photo: Marlon BrandoWriter Elia Kazan after the release of the movie "A Streetcar Named" Desire "with Marlon Brando, said: "Marlon Brando - is really the best actor in the world... and the beauty of nature - it is an agonizing pain that will…
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