1. Painter
  2. Photo: Ilya RepinRepin was a model of selfless devotion to art. The artist wrote: "Art, I love you more goodness ... Love secretly, jealously, like an old drunkard - terminally. Wherever I go, whatever amused, no matter how admired, no matter what he…
  3. Photo: Rembrandt Harmenszoon van RijnThe first biography of the artist was Jan Orlers, mayor of Leiden. "Son Herritsa Harmensz van Rijn and Nelthen Willems was born in Leiden, 15 July 1606.'s Parents put him to study Latin in school, Leiden University, referring to his subsequent…

Giovanni Bellini

Photo - Giovanni Bellini
«Giovanni Bellini»

Giovanni Bellini (ca. 1433-1516) - an outstanding painter, belonging to the Venetian school, one of the founders of the High Renaissance.

"For fifty years - Bernson wrote in 1916 - Giovanni led Venetian painting from victory to victory. He found her in that moment when she came out of its Byzantine shell, which threatened to okamenet influenced pedantically respected canons, and handed in hands of Giorgione and Titian's art, the most humane of all those he knew the Western world after the end of the Greco-Roman culture. "

Critic VN Lazarev named Giovanni Bellini's "most charming Venetian painter of the XV century."

Giovanni Bellini was the youngest son of Jacopo Bellini, a famous painter. Become a great artist and his older brother - a Gentile. The exact date of his birth is unknown. Italian explorer Mariolina Olivari believes that this is likely to 1432-1433 years.

The first teacher, Giovanni, of course, was the father. Great influence on him had known Andrea Mantegna, who married in 1453, the sister of Bellini Nicolosi.

"The value of creativity, Giovanni Andrea can not be reduced only to their personal relationship, - the MG Olivari. - Andrea was a common thread for him with the Tuscan and Florentine art."

The first works of young artists began depicting the Madonna and Child. Later Bellini write many Madonnas, very simple, serious, not sad and not smiling, but always embedded in a smooth and an important thought. Among all the Madonnas, painted by Giovanni until 1460, the best, no doubt, is the so-called "Greek Madonna".

According to the testimony of Fra Valerio Polidoro, in 1460, Bellini, with father and brother Gentile performed the altar in the cathedral image Gattamelaty Sant Antonio in Padua.

Photo - Giovanni Bellini
«Giovanni Bellini»

This picture, unfortunately, not preserved.

In the sixties for the church of Santa Maria della Carita Giovanni played four large triptych. They were soon set at four family altars, erected between 1460 and 1464 years.

By the seventies Bellini's painting style changed. There is no linearity and plane of understanding the composition, a symbolic interpretation of colors as light sign of divine involvement. Color ratio is quite specific, although not lost its symbolic content; volume features a resilient plastic molding; spirituality and musicality of full-motion bellinievskih characters. In the early period of his drawing has different rigidity.

Since the late 1470's, possibly under the influence of works by Antonello da Messina, who visited Venice, Giovanni Bellini puts into his work with light and air saturated with color shade. Images of Christ, Mary, John, in his works of this period (the "Madonna with Saints", 1476, "Lamentation of Christ", 1480) are executed simultaneously poetic spirituality and tragic grandeur "(AB Krasnov).

In the art of Bellini outlines features of the transition from early to High Renaissance. His altar the image of the Madonna with Saints "involves a balanced composition, coloristic richness, grandeur and enlightenment clear the characters are immersed in a reverie. Artist nicely captures the resemblance, especially the youth and old age persons committed to the colorful elegance.

At the end of the century Bellini creates a brilliant track "Lake Madonna" (c.

Photo - Giovanni Bellini
«Giovanni Bellini»

1500). In one version of her story is taken from a French poem of the XIV century, "The Pilgrimage of the soul."

"Bellini's painting depicts some unique moment of balance between life and death, - wrote P. Muratov. - Hence its purity, its ineffably profound peace, and religious importance. As it happens with the images of our dreams, the artist created the images have not lost a visible and vibrant completeness. Imagination Bellini clothed them in colors and forms, reminding us some places where water was also mirrored the clouds as light and delicate, distant mountains as magical and marble as white and transparent. It was all Who ever heard - I want to say when you look at the painting by Bellini, and the thought of Venice has always possessed a soul. For Venice comes through in her everywhere. Venice colored slabs of marble terraces and fences and the throne, Venice in the smile of soothing waters, in the transparent sky and in the this flight, look to the lines of the mountains. Venice in a black shawl on the shoulders of a young and slender woman. "

Bellini owns a number of striking works of portraiture: "Little Bacchus," "Naked in the mirror," "Portrait of Fra Teodoro da Urbino" (1915).

Bellini's masterpiece - "Portrait of Doge Loredana '(1501). N. Harris wrote: "Clothes Leonardo painted with loving care. However, the luster of silk and elegant embroidery muted stern expression skinny person. Bellini refused profile posture that prevailed in the early Renaissance portraiture: he created a bust of full-face, which resembles a sculptural portrait bust.

Venice, as usual, lagged behind the Florentine fashion, which at that time has introduced the portraits that show half of the human figure, including the hand. An example is set up in almost the same period, "Mona Lisa." This decision gives a portrait of quiet relaxation and deprives him of excessive formality, which, of course, it would hardly be appropriate in the portrait of the Doge - Late Bellini's masterpiece, tightly buttoned clothing emphasizes the iron discipline of an authority figure. "

Bellini was a master and a wonderful scenery, had a decisive impact on the Venetian landscape painters of the next generation. Longhi wrote of Bellini's landscape: "Calm and comprehensive age-old human emotions: pleasing the heart of beautiful, reverent piety, a constant inspiration, completeness zhizneoschuscheniya and universal peace, which is dissolved and softened all the experiences."

A striking example of the talent landscape Bellini is a picture of Madonna in the Meadow "(about 1505). "This painting is a kind of code of canons of painting and Bellini's top striking unity of poetry and metaphorical language of religious values, which Giovanni reached by the breadth of cultural and emotional richness of his personality," - says M. Olivari.

The last period of his work opens Bellini altar song "Madonna and Child enthroned, St. Peter, Catherine, Lucia, and Jerome, the church of San Dzakkaria in Venice, dated 1505 year. It was created with his brother Gentile.

While Bellini was already about 75 years, but he retained not only performance, but also the ability for creative renewal.

The famous artist Albrecht Durer, who visited Venice at the time, wrote: "...

Giovanni Bellini ... much praised me in the presence of many masters, he wanted something from my work. And he came to me and requested that I gave him something to do. He's a good pay me. Everyone tells me what a good man, and I located him. He is very old, but still the best in painting. "

The best work of recent years Bellini's "Feast of the gods" (1514). Secretary Dr. Duke? Este paid artist eighty-five gold ducats for the picture.

Vasari called it a "most beautiful works ever executed Dzhanbellino.

In 1515, Giovanni Bellini, signed and dated "Portrait of Fra Teodoro da Urbino". It was the last completed work of the wizard. November 29, 1516 Marin Sanudo wrote in his diary: "This morning it became known that he died Dzuan Belin, a wonderful artist ... celebrated throughout the world, and although he was very old, wrote beautifully."

 
  1. People and biographies — Painter
  2. Photo: Ilya RepinRepin was a model of selfless devotion to art. The artist wrote: "Art, I love you more goodness ... Love secretly, jealously, like an old drunkard - terminally. Wherever I go, whatever amused, no matter how admired, no matter what he…
  3. Photo: Rembrandt Harmenszoon van RijnThe first biography of the artist was Jan Orlers, mayor of Leiden. "Son Herritsa Harmensz van Rijn and Nelthen Willems was born in Leiden, 15 July 1606.'s Parents put him to study Latin in school, Leiden University, referring to his subsequent…
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