1. Painter
  2. Photo: Ilya RepinRepin was a model of selfless devotion to art. The artist wrote: "Art, I love you more goodness ... Love secretly, jealously, like an old drunkard - terminally. Wherever I go, whatever amused, no matter how admired, no matter what he…
  3. Photo: Rembrandt Harmenszoon van RijnThe first biography of the artist was Jan Orlers, mayor of Leiden. "Son Herritsa Harmensz van Rijn and Nelthen Willems was born in Leiden, 15 July 1606.'s Parents put him to study Latin in school, Leiden University, referring to his subsequent…

Masaccio (Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone Kasai)

Photo - Masaccio (tommaso Di Ser Giovanni Di Mone Kasai)
«Masaccio (tommaso Di Ser
giovanni Di Mone Kasai)»

(1401 - ca. 1429)

Creativity Masaccio opens XV century, which was the century zenith of Florentine art. It is no exaggeration to say that along with the architect Brunelleschi and the sculptor Donatello, Masaccio gave a decisive impetus to the development of Renaissance art. "... Florentine Tomaso, nicknamed Masaccio, showed her perfect work, that those who were inspired not by nature, a teacher of teachers, labored in vain" - Leonardo da Vinci.

Masaccio continued artistic search Giotto. "The ability to distribute light and shade to create a clear spatial composition ... Masaccio′s far superior to Giotto. In addition, he was the first in painting depicts a naked body and makes people heroic traits, exalting the man in his strength and beauty, "- wrote L. Lyubimov.

Masaccio (real name: Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone Kasai) was born December 21, 1401 in the village of San Giovanni Valdarno near Florence. His father, a young notary Giovanni di Mone Kasai, died when the boy was five years old. Mother, Mona Jacopo, a second soon married a wealthy old pharmacist. Tommaso and his younger brother Giovanni, who later became also an artist, lived with his family in his home, surrounded by a small plot of land.

His nickname Masaccio (from the Italian - muff) he received for careless and absent-mindedness. Very young Masaccio moved to Florence, where he studied at one of the workshops.

Photo - Masaccio (tommaso Di Ser Giovanni Di Mone Kasai)
«Masaccio (tommaso Di Ser
giovanni Di Mone Kasai)»

In the department of doctors and pharmacists, which were attributed to the painters, he entered January 7, 1422. Two years later he was admitted to partnership painters St. Luke.

The earliest surviving Masaccio′s artistic legacy - the picture, written around 1424 for the Church of Sant ′Ambrogio, "Madonna and Child with St.. Anna. Already here it′s safe to put those issues (composition, perspective, Modeling and proportions of the human body), the solution of which will work artists throughout the XV century.

February 19, 1426 in Pisa, Masaccio began creating for the low pay of a large altar polyptych for Orchestra, which belonged to the notary by Giuliano di Colino del Skarsi and pizza in the church of the monastery of Santa Maria del Carmine. His part is now scattered in museums and collections around the world.

Unprecedented novelty characterized the scene transmitted a real event in a familiar part of all of Florence, with a mass of real characters, whose portraits were given to participants in the celebration. It is characteristic that the composition caused not only surprise and admiration of his contemporaries, but the accusations in writing from nature ", ie too much the impression of reality, it has produced. It was not decorated, entertainment, alien to the strict style of Masaccio.

TP Znamerovskaya wrote: "On the central board polyptych, located in London′s National Gallery, depicts the Madonna on the throne.

Photo - Masaccio (tommaso Di Ser Giovanni Di Mone Kasai)
«Masaccio (tommaso Di Ser
giovanni Di Mone Kasai)»

Lancet frame cuts off the sides of the upper part of the throne, creating the illusion of an opening in the arch area, which recedes into the depths of a gold background. Madonna sits heavily and firmly. Strong rotation figures to the right, protruding his knees, hands, bowed their heads enough to feel three-dimensional object and place it occupies in the three-dimensional environment. The same space is given a naked baby on her knee. The way the throne cuts and partly hides the two figures standing on each side of the angels and how advanced the other two, sitting on the step, again reinforces the illusion of depth ... "

The main difficulty throughout the life of the artist′s paintings were Brancacci Chapel. In Florence, on the left bank of the Arno, stands the ancient church of Santa Maria del Carmine. Here in 1424 Masolino began painting the chapel, located in the right side of the transept. Then the work continued to Masaccio, and after his death, many years later, graduated from Filippino Lippi.

By the indisputable masterpieces by Masaccio belongs to the "Miracle of Statira", "Expulsion from Paradise" and "St. Peter, his shadow healed the sick "and" St. Peter and St. John, give alms "- the frescoes of the Brancacci Chapel, they will learn and they learn from Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Michelangelo.

"Expulsion from Paradise" can be considered one of the first realistic image of the naked body in art of the XV century.

Photo - Masaccio (tommaso Di Ser Giovanni Di Mone Kasai)
«Masaccio (tommaso Di Ser
giovanni Di Mone Kasai)»

While other painters of the medieval tradition of depicting human figures so that the "feet do not tread on the ground and was not reduced, and stood on tiptoe" (Vasari), Masaccio make them sustainable. Naked body of Adam and Eve not only anatomically correct, but their movements are natural, expressive poses. Never before has the fall progenitors of the human race has not been shown as exciting and dramatic.

"With broad generalization treated landscape unfolds under another famous frescoes by Masaccio -" Miracle from Statira. " Three different time gospel legends are grouped here in one scene. In the center of a large brightly lit group Apostles - broad-shouldered, massive pieces of simple and courageous men of the people - is the Christ in a pink tunic and blue cloak. Calm and majestic gesture, he pacifies the dispute between St. Peter and the city tax collector, which is shown with his back to the audience in a lively and natural posture, making his dialogue with St.. Peter - a mighty angry old man - becomes vital credibility. At the bottom left, near the lake, shows the same Apostle, at the command of Christ was pulled from the jaws of fish caught Statira (coin). Presentation coin collector is shown in the right side of the fresco.

Gothic abstractness, characteristic of many Italian masters of the late XIV - early XV century, was finally overcome in these compositions.

In several other paintings of the same chapel by Masaccio depicts various episodes from the life of the apostle Peter, turning the Gospel into the living legends of expressive narration, introducing them to real human types and architecture of its time "(NA Belousova).

There is evidence from the cadastral July 1427. From it you can see that Masaccio modestly lived with his mother, taking space in the house on Via dei Servi. He had only a portion of the workshop, sharing it with other artists, had a lot of debt.

In 1428, without completing the painting Brancacci Chapel, the artist left for Rome. Perhaps it called Masolino, who needed a helper to carry out large orders. From Rome, Masaccio not returned. The sudden death of the artist at such a young age, he was 28 years old, has caused rumors that he was poisoned because of envy. This version was shared by Vasari, but no evidence it is not. As no exact date of death of Masaccio.

 
  1. People and biographies — Painter
  2. Photo: Ilya RepinRepin was a model of selfless devotion to art. The artist wrote: "Art, I love you more goodness ... Love secretly, jealously, like an old drunkard - terminally. Wherever I go, whatever amused, no matter how admired, no matter what he…
  3. Photo: Rembrandt Harmenszoon van RijnThe first biography of the artist was Jan Orlers, mayor of Leiden. "Son Herritsa Harmensz van Rijn and Nelthen Willems was born in Leiden, 15 July 1606.'s Parents put him to study Latin in school, Leiden University, referring to his subsequent…
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